Krista Hanni

First Name
Krista
Last Name
Hanni
No photo avatar
Job Title
Executive Education Program Instructor

Krista Hanni, M.S., Ph.D., has over 20 years’ experience in epidemiologic and public health research. She is the Program Manager for Surveillance and Preparedness for the Monterey County Health Department (MCHD). Dr. Hanni earned her Ph.D. in epidemiology from UC Davis, and is trained in population assessment to interpret risk factor, disease and environmental data for evaluation and policy.

Short Programs & Research Centers
Expertise

Public health, epidemiology, population assessment, environmental health, maternal and child health, communicable diseases

Tomás Aragón

First Name
Tomás
Last Name
Aragón
aragon
Job Title
Executive Education Program Instructor

Dr. Tomás Aragón, M.D., Ph.D., is Principal Investigator & Director of the UC Berkeley Center for Infectious Diseases & Emergency Readiness (CIDER) — a CDC Center for Public Health Preparedness (CPHP) and a CDC Preparedness & Emergency Response Research Center (PERRC).  Before CIDER, he was Deputy County Health Officer at the San Francisco Department of Public Health for 8 years where he directed communicable disease control, bioterrorism preparedness, and community health epidemiology.

Short Programs & Research Centers
Expertise

Public health, communicable disease control, bioterrorism preparedness, outbreak investigations, emergency response

Gordon Hahn

First Name
Gordon
Last Name
Hahn
Gordon Hahn, Professor, MonTREP Researcher, Image
Job Title
Adjunct Professor and Researcher of Monterey Terrorism Research and Education Program
Location
McGowan 200-G
Phone
831.647.3535
Language(s)
Русский

1. What is it that you are most passionate about?   
I am most passionate about Russian politics, history and culture and the war against global jihadism.

Faculty Program Tags
Expertise

Russian Studies
Political Science
Islam and Politics in Russia and Eurasia
Russian Domestic and Foreign Policy
International Relations in Eurasia
Regime Transformation Theory
Nationalism
Islamism in Eurasia

Dr. Hahn is perhaps the world’s leading expert on the Caucasus Emirate mujahedin and an internationally recognized expert on Russian and Eurasian domestic and foreign politics, including the North Caucasus.

Short Programs & Research Centers
Course List

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

IPOL 8569 - Terrorism &Violence in Eurasia      

The course is an introductory overview of terrorism in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Topics include definitions of terrorism, theories on the causes of terrorism, non-state and state terrorism, jihadism, ultra-nationalism, and skinhead terrorism. The geographic scope of the course encompasses the former Soviet republics and, where relevant, adjacent territories affecting terrorism in the FSU. Approximately half of the course will address jihadi, skinhead, and state terrorism in Russia. Approximately a quarter of the course examines jihadism and state terrorism in Central Asia. The course details the ideologies, strategies, tactics, and specific operations employed by non-state terrorists and by states. The course uses both the lecture and case methods; active student participation is both encouraged and required.

Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS

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NPTG 8687 - Sem:Islam,Islmism&PolCntrlAsia      

This seminar’s core focus is the politics of Islam and Muslims and the rise of contemporary Islamism and jihadism in Central Asia. In particular, we examine non-state and state terrorism in the five former Soviet republics of Central Asia - Kazkahstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It focuses primarily on the history and current activity of Al Qa`ida-connected or Al`Qaida-inspired jihadist organizations such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Islamic Jihad Union, the Islamic Movement of Turkestan, as well as recently emerged smaller offshoot organizations operating in the region, most notably in Kazakhstan for the first time. The course examines causal factors for the rise of jihadi terrorism in Central Asia and elsewhere such as poverty, failing states, authoritarian regimes, bad governance, the resonance of Islamist ideologies, charismatic authority patterns, and complex network organization and leadership practices. The ties between jihadi terrorists in the five Central Asian states and other global jihadi revolutionary organizations in neighboring states such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and China as well as in Europe will also be examined. In addition, counter-terrorism and other policies of the authoritarian regimes of Central Asia will looked at, in particular evidence of state terrorism and massive human rights violations spread across most of the region. The remainder of this syllabus’s course schedule will be revised before the beginning of the 2013 spring semester.The ‘Politics and Islam in Russia’ seminar is designed for those interested in the causes and resolution of violent conflict, separatist insurgencies, terrorism, non-proliferation, and comparative Islamic politics. It offers students an in-depth introduction to the role played by Islam and the ‘forgotten Muslims’ of Russia in both domestic, regional, and international politics. Through the careful reading of primary and secondary sources, the seminar’s central purpose is to engage students in a detailed comparative examination of the historical, geographic, ethnic, theological, institutional, and global factors that shape identity politics and frame other political issues for Russia’s Muslims.

Spring 2013 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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NPTG 8689 / IPOL 8689 - Sem:Islam,Islamism&PolInRussia      

The ‘Politics and Islam in Russia’ seminar is designed for those interested in the causes and resolution of violent conflict, separatist insurgencies, terrorism, non-proliferation, and comparative Islamic politics. It offers students an in-depth introduction to the role played by Islam and the ‘forgotten Muslims’ of Russia. in both domestic, regional, and international politics. Through the careful reading of primary and secondary sources, the seminar’s central purpose is to engage students in a detailed comparative examination of the historical, geographic, ethnic, theological, institutional, and global factors that shape identity politics and frame other political issues for Russia’s Muslims. The course’s core focus is the politics of Islam and Muslims and the rise of contemporary Islamism and jihadism in Russia. Under these, major foci include: the complex history of the ambivalent relationship between the Russian Tsarist state and society, on the one hand, and Eurasia’s Muslims, on the other; the dramatic fate of Muslims under Soviet rule; the role of Muslims and Islam during the Soviet demise and the varied post-Soviet transformations; the competing explanations for the recent rise of jihadi terrorism in Russia and other parts of Eurasia; and the implications of jihadist terrorism in the region for the challenges of conflict resolution, non-proliferation, and global jihadi terrorism. In particular, we look closely at the peculiarities of ethnicity, national identity, and confession of Russia’s numerous Muslim ethnic groups, their relations both with each other, the states and the larger Russian society, and the rise of Islamism and jihadism in Russia in comparative perspective. By looking at these phenomena through the prism of nationalism theory, comparative nationalism, and comparative Islamism, the course focuses on the formation and consolidation of national identity, the politicization of such identity, and the transformation of ethno-nationalism into pan-Islamic, political Islamic, Islamist, and jihadist trends and movements. The seminar reviews socioeconomic, demographic, ideological, theological, and political trends in Russia, paying particular attention to the role of regime type, economic development, and the relative role of Islam as factors shaping the state, society, state-society relations, and Muslim-state relations. It also analyzes competing explanations of the causes of the Russo-Chechen conflict, Moscow’s ongoing accommodation with Tatarstan and the other constituent Muslim and national republics of the federation, and the rise of jihadism and terrorism. A broad set of ideological influences and trends affecting Russia’s Muslims are examined, including reformist jadidism, syncretic Eurasianism, and reactionary Islamist jihadism, among others. We also discuss cases of, and potential scenarios involving the use and proliferation of WMD materials and weapons by Central Asian jihadi terrorists. Finally, we look at the influence of Islam and Muslims on Russia’s foreign and national security policies and international security.

Spring 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2014 - MIIS

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Extra Information

Education

PhD in Political Science, Boston University; BA and MA in Political Science, Boston College

Publications

Islam, Islamism, and Politics in Eurasia Report (IIPER) is an approximately bi-monthly compendium of news and analysis on politics involving Islam in the former Soviet Union. The main focus for the present is Russia's North Caucasus. However, IIPER seeks submissions on politics and Islam in other regions of not less than 1,000 words and no more than 5,000 words in length.


To be placed on the mailing list to recieve IIPER please send an email request to ghahn@miis.edu.

Unless otherwise indicated IIPER is written and edited by Dr. Gordon M. Hahn, Senior Researcher in the Terrorism Research and Education Program and Visiting Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of International Policy Studies at the Monterey Institute for International Studies.

                Faculty Type
                Adjunct Faculty
                Dynamic Features
                Course Catalog

                Sharad Joshi

                First Name
                Sharad
                Last Name
                Joshi
                Sharad Joshi, Assistant Professor, Image
                Job Title
                Assistant Professor, Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies
                Location
                McGowan 200-F
                Phone
                831.647.6508
                Language(s)
                हिन्दी

                Dr. Sharad Joshi holds a PhD from the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh. He joined the Monterey Institute in September 2006 as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. At MIIS he has been a research associate at CNS and the Monterey Terrorism Research and Education Program (MonTREP). His current research focuses on various facets of terrorism in South Asia, as well as nonproliferation issues in the region. Dr.

                Faculty Program Tags
                Short Programs & Research Centers
                Course List

                Courses offered in the past four years.
                indicates offered in the current term
                indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

                PSCI 1039 - Security Issues in South Asia      

                Security Issues in South Asia
                In this course we will examine various security matters in South Asia, including interstate conflict, terrorism, and issues related to weapons of mass destruction. South Asia refers to the region encompassing Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and the Maldives. However, given that security matters in Afghanistan are linked closely to Pakistan, this course will include Afghanistan as part of the broader southern Asian region. We will look at topics from the historical, political-economic, and foreign policy perspective. We will discuss various conflicts between countries, including the India-Pakistan dyad, and the reasons behind the wars between them. Cases studies will include Islamist terrorism in the region, and the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka. This course will also consider nontraditional security matters such as environmental degradation and refugee movements. (International Relations)/

                AAL SOC WTR

                Winter 2014

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                IPOL 8517 - Terrorism in South-East Asia      

                Various parts of South-East Asia have been plagued by terrorist violence in recent decades. South-East Asia refers to the region eastward from Burma/Myanmar till the Philippines. This course studies the phenomenon of terrorism in countries of the region such as Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. Some of the groups that this course examines include – Jemaah Islamiyah, Abu Sayyaf, Moro Islamic Liberation Front – their objectives, characteristics, composition, ideologies, tactics and fund-raising. Apart from these cases, the course also examines thematic issues such as the prospect of WMD terrorism and proliferation of WMD material, maritime terrorism in the region, and U.S. policy on counter-terrorism in South-East Asia. We also discuss connections between groups in South-East Asia and regional and global terrorist groups elsewhere, such as Al Qaeda and the Taliban. Given the close security dynamics between Australia and South-East Asia, this course also looks at terrorism-related issues in Australia.

                Fall 2010 - MIIS

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                IPOL 8561 - Counterinsurgency in SouthAsia      

                This course examines various insurgent movements that have persisted in South Asia for several decades and the different strategies that have been employed by governments to roll back these insurgencies. Geographically, South Asia includes India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and the Maldives. For the purpose of this course, South Asia will also include Afghanistan, which is closely enmeshed in security dynamics related to other parts of the subcontinent, especially Pakistan. In the course of the semester, several case studies of insurgent movements will be examined, such as the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Maoist insurgencies in Nepal and India. Other case studies will include the three-decade long campaign by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka, and several cases of insurgencies in northeastern India, involving groups such as the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN).

                Spring 2012 - MIIS

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                IPOL 8627 - Sem:Militant Islamic Movements      

                This seminar is designed to provide a survey of various militant Islamic organizations – “gradualist” Islamist organizations that do not rely mainly on waging armed jihad, jihadist organizations that rely primarily on violence and terrorism, and other types of fundamentalist or Islamist organizations that do not fall clearly into either category – and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into two separate portions. In the first portion, the lectures and readings will focus on the basic tenets of Islam; an overview of Islamic history; the distinction between Islamic fundamentalism, political Islam, and Islamism; and important examples of the different types of Islamist organizations noted above in particular regions. Given the threat that such Islamist networks and their supporters currently pose to the security of the West, Russia, India, various states in Asia, and moderate Muslims everywhere, it is necessary for every student interested in contemporary subversion and terrorism to become much more knowledgeable about key Islamist and jihadist groups, their agendas, and their tactics. During the second portion of the course, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this second portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers.

                Spring 2011 - MIIS

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                IPOL 8629 - Sem:NucPolcy-NPT OutlierStates      

                India, Israel, and Pakistan are the three de facto nuclear weapon states that have been outside the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) since it came into force in 1970. This seminar examines the relationship of these three countries with the nonproliferation regime broadly, both from the perspective of the states in question as well as from the perspective of the international community.

                After a quick review of the nuclear history of these three states—including some discussions of similarities and dissimilarities among them—the seminar focuses on the examination of key themes and questions such as: What is the role of nuclear weapons in national security of the three countries? What are the policies on arms control and disarmament in these three countries? What are the attitudes within these countries regarding the different elements of the global nonproliferation regime, such as the NPT, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and the (proposed) Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT)? How did these positions evolve over several decades? How have these three countries responded to some of the more recent nonproliferation initiatives such as the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)? The seminar will also address the domestic mechanisms through which these three states deal with nuclear issues. Finally, the seminar also explores the different modalities that have been proposed by various parties to integrate the three countries into the nonproliferation regime.

                Spring 2012 - MIIS

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                IPSG 8501 / IPOL 8501 - Policy Analysis      

                This course introduces students to the theory and practice of policy analysis. Students will be introduced to the stages of the public policy process, including agenda setting, formulation, implementation, and evaluation. Students will also develop basic policy analysis skills, including problem structuring, stakeholder identification, summarization of current policy, development of policy options, elaboration of criteria for selection, and recommendation of course of action. These concepts are illustrated by examples policies that fall within students' range of interests. This course also introduces students to scientific methods that are used as a means for structuring policy inquiry. A series of research approaches and techniques are presented in the context of forecasting, monitoring, and evaluation for the analysis of domestic and international policies.

                Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8584 - Introduction to Terrorism      

                This course is designed to provide a critical introduction to the subject of terrorism, an often misunderstood phenomenon that has assumed a particular salience in the wake of 9/11. Its aim is to clarify fundamental definitional and conceptual problems, introduce students to the burgeoning literature on the subject, describe basic terrorist organizational and operational methods, survey a wide range of terrorist groups and ideologies, examine certain high-profile terrorism themes, and tentatively assess the nature of the threat posed by terrorists to global security in the future.

                Fall 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8624 - Sem:Countrinsurgency in S.Asia      

                Insurgency and Terrorism: According to Alex Schmid, an insurgency is: “an armed uprising, revolt, or rebellion by a political group or party against a domestic or foreign ruling in order to subvert it, overthrow it, expel it, and break away from it, or simply to enhance the group’s bargaining position for subsequent political compromise. Acts of terrorism are a frequent occurrence in many insurgencies.” According to Jeffrey Bale, terrorism refers to: “the use or threatened use of violence, usually directed against victims selected for their symbolic or representative value, as a means of instilling anxiety in, transmitting one or more messages to, and thereby manipulating the perceptions and behavior of wider target audiences.”

                This course examines various insurgent movements that have persisted in South Asia for several decades and the different strategies that have been employed by governments to roll back these insurgencies. Geographically, South Asia includes India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and the Maldives. For the purpose of this course, South Asia will also include Afghanistan, which is closely enmeshed in security dynamics related to other parts of the subcontinent, especially Pakistan. In the course of the semester, several case studies of insurgent movements will be examined, such as the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Maoist insurgencies in Nepal and India. Other case studies will include the three-decade long campaign by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka, and several cases of insurgencies in northeastern India, involving groups such as the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN).

                Spring 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8668 / IPOL 8668 - Sem:Terrorism in South Asia      

                Terrorist violence has persisted in various parts of South Asia for several decades. A variety of interconnected reasons can be assigned to this phenomenon – state sponsorship, separatist tendencies, religious and sectarian divides, and political meddling. Terrorism in South Asia is also a crucial concern because of its broader connections to extra-regional terrorist networks. The two dominant states in South Asia possess nuclear weapons and have a long history of military conflict and have periodically experienced crises situations provoked by terrorist attacks. Additionally, the history of proliferation networks and concerns over Pakistan’s nuclear security further exacerbate the threat perception from terrorist networks.

                The object of this course is to understand the causes and dimensions of terrorism in South Asia and to analyze positions adopted by the involved parties, state and non-state. From the policy perspective, this is essential toward formulating responses to terrorism in the region. South Asia is conventionally defined as the region comprising the countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and the Maldives. But for the purposes of this seminar we will also look at developments in Afghanistan (generally considered as South-West Asia), given its crucial links to terrorism issues in South Asia.

                Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8674 / IPOL 8674 - Sem:Terrorism in SouthEastAsia      

                Various parts of South-East Asia have been plagued by terrorist violence in recent decades. South-East Asia refers to the region eastward from Burma/Myanmar till the Philippines. This course studies the phenomenon of terrorism in countries of the region such as Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. Some of the groups that this course examines include – Jemaah Islamiyah, Abu Sayyaf, Moro Islamic Liberation Front – their objectives, characteristics, composition, ideologies, tactics and fund-raising. Apart from these cases, the course also examines thematic issues such as the prospect of WMD terrorism and proliferation of WMD materials, maritime terrorism and piracy, and U.S. policy on counter-terrorism in South-East Asia. We also discuss connections between groups in South-East Asia and regional and global terrorist groups elsewhere, such as Al Qaeda and the Taliban. In order to have a comprehensive picture of non-state security threats in the region, the course also examines the various insurgent movements in Myanmar. Finally, given the close security dynamics between Australia and South-East Asia, this course also looks at terrorism-related issues in Australia.

                Spring 2012 - MIIS, Spring 2013 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8683 / IPOL 8683 - Sem:South Asia & WMD      

                In the realm of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), South Asia is one of the key regions of analysis. This course takes a comprehensive look at the role of WMD in the strategic thinking of various actors involved in the South Asian security framework. It is important to note that South Asian nuclear issues cannot be studied in isolation from other regional and global dynamics. States such as the U.S., China, and Russia are crucial players in the South Asian strategic framework. The course examines various reasons behind WMD acquisition by India and Pakistan, concentrating especially on nuclear weapons. These factors include threat perceptions, domestic imperatives and nationalistic attitudes. A key element of nuclear weapons programs is the development of effective delivery systems such as missiles and aircraft. Analysis of such programs provides an indicator of current and future strategy. In this context, both India and Pakistan have made major strides in their cruise and ballistic missile programs to make their nuclear strategy more credible. At the same time, neither side has a clearly enunciated nuclear doctrine, although attempts have been made in this direction. This is crucial in context of a reliable command and control system and for crisis stability. Another major issue covered in this course is the proliferation of WMD materials to non-state actors or aspiring nuclear states by proliferation networks connected to South Asia. Relatedly, policymakers in the region and elsewhere are also concerned with the danger of nuclear terrorism. These are some of the prominent issues concerning weapons of mass destruction in South Asia. The two sides have periodically taken steps to prevent nuclear crises situations. Apart from nuclear weapons, this seminar also examines chemical and biological weapons policy in the two countries.

                Spring 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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                MIIS Tags
                Expertise

                International Security
                South Asia
                Terrorism
                Nuclear Proliferation
                Afghanistan
                Southeast Asia

                Dr. Joshi interviewed by NATO Review

                Extra Information

                Education

                PhD, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, 2006; M.A. (Politics), School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 2000; B.A. (Honors-Economics), University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, 1997.

                Publications

                "Will killing of Taliban Chief Make a Difference in Pakistan?," Chatham House, November 7, 2013

                Woolwich Attack and the Changing Nature of Terrorism,” Chatham House, May 24, 2013

                The China-Pakistan Nuclear Deal: A Realpolitique Fait Accompli,” Issue Brief, Nuclear Threat Initiative, December 11, 2011.

                "Playing Politics:How the Regional Context Impedes Confronting Myanmar's Alleged Nuclear Program," Issue Brief, Nuclear Threat Initiative, February 4, 2011

                "AfPak: Negotiate from Strength,” Foreign Policy in Focus, April 15, 2009.

                "Deconstructing the Pakistani Response to the Mumbai Attack," International Institute for Counter-Terrorism, Herzliya, Israel, January 7, 2009.

                "Cooperative Threat Reduction and Pakistan," (co-authored with Togzhan Kassenova) Issue Brief, Nuclear Threat Initiative, August 4, 2008.

                "A Pause in the Indo-U.S. Nuclear Agreement," Issue Brief, Nuclear Threat Initiative, May 2, 2008.

                "Is Pakistan Appeasing the Taliban?" Foreign Policy in Focus, June 13, 2008.

                "A Ridge Too Far," Foreign Policy in Focus, November 6, 2007.

                “Unilateralism and Multilateralism: Analyzing American Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy,” World Affairs (Washington, DC), Spring 2005, Vol. 167, No. 4, pp. 147-161.

                “Israel’s Nuclear Policy: A Cost-Benefit Analysis,” Strategic Analysis, March 2000, Vol. XXIII, No. 12, pp. 2089-2110.

                Faculty Type
                Regular Faculty
                Dynamic Features
                Course Catalog

                Raymond A. Zilinskas

                First Name
                Raymond
                Last Name
                Zilinskas
                Raymond Zilinkskas, Director Chemical & Biological Nonproliferation, Image
                Job Title
                Director, Chemical & Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program
                Location
                CNS Building, 499 Van Buren
                City, State, ZIP
                Monterey, CA 93940
                Phone
                831.647.6545
                Language(s)
                svenska

                What is it that you are most passionate about? 

                Preventing the use by nations or terrorists of biological and chemical weapons and should this fail, have done what I can about local, state, federal, and international authorities being well prepared to meet the challenges posed by such events.

                Expertise

                Clinical microbiology, organic chemistry, international law and mores related to biological and chemical arms control, preparedness and response to biological and chemical emergencies

                MIIS Tags
                Short Programs & Research Centers
                Course List

                Courses offered in the past four years.
                indicates offered in the current term
                indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

                IPOL 8559 - Science & Technology for NPTS      

                This course provides students with a solid foundation in scientific and technical fundamentals critical to nonproliferation and terrorism policy analysis. Such policy analyses often require strong foundational knowledge of basic scientific and technical concepts in order to understand, create, and inform policy decisions. The course begins with an introduction to science and the scientific method and then evolves into the three main areas: biological weapons, chemical weapons, nuclear weapons and relevant technologies. Topics covered in the biological component include fundamental concepts related to microorganisms, DNA, RNA, proteins, and processes of infection and disease. Topics covered in the chemistry component include fundamental concepts related to atomic structure and the periodic table, chemical structural representations, functional groups, reactivity, toxicity, as well as modern separation, purification and analytic techniques commonly used for chemical species. Applications of the fundamental concepts in the first two topics are further developed in relation to features of chemical and biological weapons and warfare, including agents, delivery methods and effects. Topics covered in the nuclear component part of the course includes radioactivity, uranium, nuclear weapons, radiation detection instrumentation and applications, environmental plumes, and various instrumentation and analysis techniques. Upon completion of this course students will have a deeper appreciation for the debate on various verification solutions that have been proposed for compliance under the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and nuclear treaties.

                Spring 2011 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8529 - TabletopExerciseDesign&Operatn      

                A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a guided discussion of a scenario—a time-compressed sequence of events—that facilitates group problem solving. TTXs are particularly advantageous to governmental and nongovernmental organizations, as well as private businesses because they permit participants to practice response to high-consequence/low-frequency problems. Based on results from a TTX, organizations can develop new plans, or enhance existing plans, for how they will meet the challenges of catastrophic events such as floods and fires, disease outbreaks, sabotage of facilities, and others. Public agencies and private sector entities alike have to ensure business and service continuity, as well as protecting the safety and security of employees, during times of duress, and thus all can benefit from testing their preparedness and response plans using TTXs. Given their utility in illuminating anticipated performance, expectations, and assumptions, TTXs can be also useful in many other situations that would benefit from enhancing teamwork and multi-agency collaboration while assessing the content of plans and policies. Following successful completion of this workshop, students will be able to plan, execute, and evaluate a TTX, as well as make appropriate decisions regarding when and where it is an applicable tool for planning and response purposes.

                Spring 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8684 / IPOL 8684 - Sem:Bio&ChemWeapons&ArmsCntrl      

                During the last 15 years, aggressive governments and terrorists have sought to acquire biological, chemical and toxin weapons for use in international warfare, internal conflicts, or terrorist operations. In a few instances, these weapons were actually deployed, causing casualties and generating mayhem. Most security experts expect that these weapons will see increased use in the foreseeable future. For these reasons, security experts active in the international arena ought to be familiar with these types of weapons systems. Accordingly, this course will address health and environmental effects of biological, chemical and toxin weapons, circumstances which favor their use, the international laws that seek to prevent these weapons from being acquired and used and, when laws fail, methods for determining whether one of these three weapon systems has indeed been used and, if so, the appropriate response.

                Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2014 - MIIS

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                Faculty Program Tags
                Extra Information

                Education

                Ph.D. from University of Southern California, BA in Biology from University of Stockholm

                Recent Accomplishments

                • I am in process of editing (with co-editors Casey Mahoney and James Toppin) an edited monograph on the history of the anti-plague system in the U.S.S.R. and Russia titled Stories of the Soviet Anti-Plague System, which will be published before summer 2013.
                • Completed a book on which I have been working on for the past 11 years: Milton Leitenberg and Raymond A. Zilinskas, The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: A History, (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2012).
                • Written a film review for the first time: Raymond A. Zilinskas, “Contagion: A Movie Pandemic Versus the Reality of Public Health,” WMD Junction, September 23, 2011; http://cns.miis.edu/wmdjunction/110923_contagion.htm.
                • Collated 132 entries to create a unique reference source: Rebecca Katz and Raymond A. Zilinskas (eds.), Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition, (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2011).
                • Had an article published in Scientific American: Ken Coleman and Raymond A. Zilinskas, “Fake Botox, Real Threat,” Scientific American 302(6):84-89 (June 2010); http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=fake-botox-real-threat.
                Faculty Type
                Adjunct Faculty
                Dynamic Features
                Course Catalog

                Jeffrey M. Bale

                First Name
                Jeffrey
                Last Name
                Bale
                No photo avatar
                Job Title
                Associate Professor
                Location
                McGowan 200-D
                Phone
                831.647.6603
                Language(s)
                Español
                Français
                Deutsch
                português
                italiano

                Dr. Jeffrey M. Bale is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of International Policy and Management at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS). He also regularly teaches specialized courses on an adjunct basis at the Naval Postgraduate School. He obtained his BA in Middle Eastern and Islamic history at the University of Michigan, his MA in social movements and political sociology at the University of California at Berkeley, and his PhD in contemporary European history at Berkeley.

                Expertise

                Terrorism, Political and religious extremism, Insurgency and counterinsurgency, Unconventional warfare, Intelligence and covert operations, Conspiracy theories, Comparative revolutionary movements, Youth subcultures and counterculture, Terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, Organized crime, European history and politics, Middle Eastern history and politics, Islamic history, Military history, International politics

                Short Programs & Research Centers
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                Courses offered in the past four years.
                indicates offered in the current term
                indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

                IPOL 8632 - SemAdvTerrrism:Eco-Radicalism      

                "This seminar is designed to provide an in-depth examination of certain key aspects of contemporary terrorism, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism and terrorism research methods, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with apocalyptic millenarian groups and their objectives. Given the fact that groups of this type have periodically carried out serious acts of violence, either against “evil” outsiders or their own members, it is necessary for students interested in terrorism to obtain some knowledge about their characteristics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers."

                Spring 2011 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8584 / IPOL 8584 - Introduction to Terrorism      

                This course is designed to provide a critical introduction to the subject of terrorism, an often misunderstood phenomenon that has assumed a particular salience in the wake of 9/11. Its aim is to clarify fundamental definitional and conceptual problems, introduce students to the burgeoning literature on the subject, describe basic terrorist organizational and operational methods, survey a wide range of terrorist groups and ideologies, examine certain high-profile terrorism themes, and tentatively assess the nature of the threat posed by terrorists to global security in the future.

                Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Spring 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8603 - Sem:The American Radical Right      

                This seminar is designed to provide an overview of several important right-wing ideological milieus, movements, and organizations operating in the United States, including violent paramilitary groups, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. In the first portion, the lectures and readings will focus on defining the right, identifying the characteristic features of the American extreme right, and describing different types of right-wing organizations that may pose domestic security threats. Since certain violent far right paramilitary organizations nowadays constitute the greatest terrorist threat to the U.S. homeland (apart from foreign jihadist groups), it is necessary for every student interested in contemporary extremism, subversion, and terrorism to become more knowledgeable about key domestic radical right groups, their agendas, and their tactics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion of the course, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research paper findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers.

                Spring 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8627 / IPOL 8627 - Sem:Militant Islamic Movements      

                This seminar is designed to provide a survey of various militant Islamic organizations – “gradualist” Islamist organizations that do not rely mainly on waging armed jihad, jihadist organizations that rely primarily on violence and terrorism, and other types of fundamentalist or Islamist organizations that do not fall clearly into either category – and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into two separate portions. In the first portion, the lectures and readings will focus on the basic tenets of Islam; an overview of Islamic history; the distinction between Islamic fundamentalism, political Islam, and Islamism; and important examples of the different types of Islamist organizations noted above in particular regions. Given the threat that such Islamist networks and their supporters currently pose to the security of the West, Russia, India, various states in Asia, and moderate Muslims everywhere, it is necessary for every student interested in contemporary subversion and terrorism to become much more knowledgeable about key Islamist and jihadist groups, their agendas, and their tactics. During the second portion of the course, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this second portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers.

                Spring 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8633 - SemAdvTerrrism:Global Jihadism      

                This seminar is designed to provide a more in-depth examination of transnational jihadist organizations and networks with a global agenda, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism, terrorism research methods, Islam, and Islamism, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with global jihadist networks and their objectives. Given the threat that such networks and their supporters currently pose to the security of the West, Russia, India, various states in Asia, and moderate Muslims everywhere, it is necessary for every student interested in terrorism to become much more knowledgeable about the jihadist agenda. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers. The course requirements are as follows: regular attendance and active participation in class discussions (30% of grade), an oral report to be delivered in class (30% of grade), and a 15-20 page research paper (40% of grade).

                Spring 2013 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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                NPTG 8634 - Sem:AdvTerrrism:Millenarianism      

                This seminar is designed to provide an in-depth examination of certain key aspects of contemporary terrorism, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism and terrorism research methods, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with apocalyptic millenarian groups and their objectives. Given the fact that groups of this type have periodically carried out serious acts of violence, either against “evil” outsiders or their own members, it is necessary for students interested in terrorism to obtain some knowledge about their characteristics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers. The course requirements are as follows: regular attendance and active participation in class discussions (30% of grade), an oral report to be delivered in class (30% of grade), and a 15-20 page research paper (40% of grade).

                Spring 2013 - MIIS

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                Extra Information

                Education

                PhD in Late Modern European History, University of California at Berkeley; MA in Political Sociology and Social Movements, University of California at Berkeley; BA in Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Central Asian History, University of Michigan

                Publications

                Bibliography

                "Al-Qa‘ida/Qa‘idat al-Jihad,” entry in Encyclopedia of Global Religion, ed. by Mark Juergensmeyer and Wade Clark Roof (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2011), forthcoming.

                “Terrorists as State ‘Surrogates’ or ‘Proxies’: Separating Fact from Fiction,” in Making Sense of Proxy Wars: The Politics of Armed Surrogacy, ed. by Michael A. Innes (Washington, DC: Potomac, 2010), forthcoming.

                "Jihadist Ideology and Strategy and the Possible Employment of ‘WMD,’” in Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction, ed. by Gary Ackerman and Jeremy Tamsett (New York: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2009), pp. 3-59.

                “Islamism and Totalitarianism,” in Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10:2 (June 2009), pp. 73-96.

                Co-Editor (with Bassam Tibi) of special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10:2 (June 2009), which is devoted to Islamism.

                (with Gary Ackerman), “Profiling the WMD Terrorism Threat,” in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices, ed. By Stephen M. Maurer and Christine Hartmann-Siantar (Cambridge, MA: M.I.T., 2008), pp. 11-45.

                “Hiding in Plain Sight in ‘Londonistan,’” in Denial of Sanctuary: Understanding Terrorist Safe Havens, ed. by Michael A. Innes (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2007), pp. 139-51, 192-8.

                “Political Paranoia versus Political Realism: On Distinguishing between Bogus ‘Conspiracy Theories’ and Genuine Conspiratorial Politics,” Patterns of Prejudice 41:1 (February 2007), pp. 45-60.

                “Review Essay: Deciphering Islamism and Terrorism,” The Middle East Journal 60:4 (Autumn 2006), pp. 777-88.

                (with Gary Ackerman and Kevin S. Moran), “Assessing the [Terrorist] Threat to Critical Infrastructure,” in Homeland Security: Protecting America’s Targets, ed. by James J. F. Forest (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006), volume 3, pp. 33-60.

                “South Africa’s Project Coast: ‘Death Squads,’ Covert State-Sponsored Poisonings, and the Dangers of CBW Proliferation,” Democracy and Security 2:1 (January-June 2006), pp. 27-59.

                Review of Daniel Byman, Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism, in The Middle East Journal 60:1 (Winter 2006), pp. 181-3.

                Multiple entries (including “Ba`thism,” “ODESSA,” “Michael Kühnen,” and “Skinhead Fascism”) in World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by Cyprian Blamires (Santa Monica: ABC-Clio, 2006).

                Review of Michael Barkun, A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America, in Patterns of Prejudice 39:3 (September 2005), pp. 85-7.

                Review of Janja Lalich, Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults, in the European Consortium for Political Research’s e-Extreme Newsletter 6:3 (Fall 2005).

                Multiple entries (including “Islamism,” “Christian Identity,” and “Abu Sayyaf Group”) in Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, ed. by Richard F. Pilch and Raymond A. Zilinskas (New York: Wiley & Sons, 2005).

                “CBW: South Africa” entry in Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Encyclopedia of Worldwide Policy, Technology, and History, ed. by Jeffrey A. Larsen, James J. Wirtz, and Eric Croddy (Santa Monica: ABC-Clio, 2005).

                “[The Ideology of] Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines,” in Voices of Terror: Manifestos, Writings and Manuals of Al Qaeda, Hamas, and other Terrorists from around the World and throughout the Ages,, ed. by Walter Laqueur (New York: Reed, 2004), pp. 513-18.

                “The Islamization of the Chechen Resistance Movement and the Potential for Radiological Terrorism,” Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) Issue Brief, April 2004.

                “Fascism and Neo-Fascism: Ideology and ‘Groupuscularity’,” and “Still More on Fascist and Neo-Fascist Ideology and ‘Groupuscularity’,” Erwägen Wissen Ethik 15:3 (October-November 2004), pp. 304-6, 380-3 (also re-published in an edited volume entitled Fascism Past and Present, West and East, ed. by Roger Griffin, Werner Loh, and Andreas Umland [Stuttgart: Ibidem, 2006], pp. 74-82, 290-7.)

                (with Anjali Bhattacharjee, Eric Croddy, and Richard Pilch), “Ricin Reportedly Found in London: An al-Qā`ida Connection?,” Center for Nonproliferation Studies Report, 23 January 2003.

                (with Gary A. Ackerman), “Al-Qā`ida and Weapons of Mass Destruction,” San Jose Mercury News, 22 December 2002.

                "'National Revolutionary' Groupuscules and the Resurgence of 'Left-Wing' Fascism: The Case of France's Nouvelle Résistance," Patterns of Prejudice 36:3 (July 2002), pp. 24-49.

                Multiple entries (including “De Lorenzo Coup,” “Paix et Liberté,” “ASPIDA Affair,” and “Blas Piñar”) in Europe since 1945: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Bernard A. Cook (New York: Garland, 2001).

                Review of Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens: Fascism’s Resurgence from Hitler’s Spymasters to Today’s Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists, in Terrorism and Political Violence 10:1 (Spring 1998), pp. 174-7.

                Review of Sandro Setta, La destra nell'Italia del dopoguerra, in Journal of Modern Italian Studies 3:2 (Summer 1998), pp. 205-8.

                “The May 1973 Terrorist Attack at Milan Police Headquarters: Anarchist 'Propaganda of the Deed' or 'False Flag' Provocation?,” Terrorism and Political Violence 8:1 (Spring 1996), pp. 132-66.

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