Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

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Edward J. Laurance

First Name
Edward
Last Name
Laurance
Ed-Laurance-Profile.jpg
Job Title
Professor and Gordon Paul Smith Chair in International Policy and Development
Location
311 McCone
Phone
831.647.4144

I Believe:

One of the most critical challenges to development and indeed humanity is armed violence, especially in fragile states. This violence leads to death and injury, violations of human rights, lack of justice and the rule of law, lost productivity, lowering of already inadequate health budgets, and psychological costs. In short, development cannot proceed alongside such violence. I believe that this violence can and must be prevented, reduced and eventually eliminated. I have devoted most of my professional life to this end.

What excites me:

Faculty Program Tags
MIIS Tags
Expertise

Armed violence reduction, research methods for development practitioners, global governance, international organizations, proliferation and effects of conventional weapons and small arms, program evaluation and project management

Extra Information

Recent Activities

In the past several years I have:

  1. Led a team of students in observing the final negotiations of the Arms Trade Treaty at the United Nations in New York.
  2. Created and developed software that allows national government to track their progress towards complying with the UN’s International Small Arms Control Standards (ISACS). http://www.smallarmsstandards.org/isacs-news/
  3. Published two articles in Arms Control Today on the international arms trade.
  4. Served as Coordinator of Veterans Affairs at MIIS
  5. Conducted a major study for the UN Development Program on how security and development are integrated in UNDP programming.
  6. Worked with the Small Arms Survey in Geneva in developing and implementing a program evaluation of a weapons marking project in East Africa.
  7. Placed students in security and development organizations in MIIS Immersive Professional Learning programs.
  8. Since 2009 have served as an expert for the United Nations project ISACS, developing global standards for controlling the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons.
  9. Advised the City of Salinas, California, on gang violence reduction and prevention.

Education

PhD, International Relations, University of Pennsylvania; MA, International Relations and Public Administration, Temple University; BS, United States Military Academy

Careers in Security and Development

Students who concentrate on security and development can do so as a specialization within the MPA program or the Human Security and Development Track in IPD. They normally take courses in conflict and conflict resolution, human security, human rights, and a full range of development courses. They also spend at least six months as a junior professional with an S and D organization while at MIIS. Graduates who entered this field have served as program managers for conflict management in South Sudan, field analysts for international governmental organizations as well as NGOs and think tanks, staff officers developing public security education and training for the UN, survey researchers in areas fraught with insecurity and conflict, and evaluators of programs designed to reduce armed violence and enable development.

For an excellent in-depth look at this field see the World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development. Washington: The World Bank

Selected Publications

laurance_chapter_final_version_pdf“The Small Arms Problem As Arms Control: A Policy-Driven Research Agenda” inThe State of Arms: Consolidation, Innovation and Relevance in Small Arms Research: Essays in honour of Pablo Dreyfus. Eds: Kai Michael Kenkel and Peter Bachelor. London: Routledge, Summer 2013.

“Exposing the Arms Trade. A Book Review of The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade,” by Andrew Feinstein. In Arms Control Today, June 2012.

“1991 Arms Trade Control Efforts and Their Echoes” in Arms Control Today, July-August 2011.

iccrThe UNDP Role in the Comprehensive Approach to Security in Fragile States: An Assessment, Edward J. Laurance Version 5.1 10 June 2010.

laurance-_managing_the_tools_of_war_and_violence "Managing the Tools of War and Violence: Global Governance or State-centric Realpolitik? In Michael Brzoska and Axel Krohn (eds.) Overcoming Armed Violence in a Complex World: Essays in Honor of Herbert Wulf. Budrich UniPress Ltd. November 2009.

Managing the Global Problems Created by the Conventional Arms TradeWith Hendrik Wagenmakers and Herbert Wulf. "Managing the Global Problems Created by the Conventional Arms Trade: An Assessment of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms." Global Governance, Vol. 2, Spring 2005.

With Rachel Stohl. Making Global Public Policy: The Case of Small Arms and Light Weapons. Occasional Paper No. 7. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, December 2002.

The United Nations Conventional Arms Register (UNCAR): Present Challenges, New Directions.

"Light Weapons and Human Development: The Need for Transparency and Early Warning." In Jeffrey Boutwell and Michael T. Klare, Light Weapons and Civil Conflict: Controlling the Tools of Violence (Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999), pp. 185-196.

"Monitoring the Flow, Availability and Misuse of Light Weapons," in Arms Watching: Integrating Small Arms and Light Weapons Into the Early Warning of Violent Conflict. Edward J. Laurance (Ed.) (London: International Alert, May 1999).

Arms Watching: Integrating Small Arms and Light Weapons Into the Early Warning of Violent Conflict(Ed.)(London: International Alert, May 1999).

Light Weapons and Intra-State Conflict: Early Warning Factors and Preventive Action. (Washington: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, July 1998).

"Small Arms, Light Weapons, and Conflict Prevention: The New Post-Cold War Logic of Disarmament" in Barnett R. Rubin Cases and Strategies for Preventive Action (The Century Foundation Press, 1998), pp. 135-168.

"Moratoria on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Conceptualization and Application to Central America" in Sverre Lodgaard and Carsten F. Ronnfeldt, A Moratorium on Light Weapons in West Africa (Oslo: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, 1998), pp. 69-83.

"A Conceptual Framework for Arms Trade Transparency in South-East Asia." In Bates Gill and J.N. Mak (eds.), Arms Transparency and Security in South-East Asia. SIPRI Research Report No. 13. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 10-24.

With Sarah E. Meek. The Role of Conventional Arms Buildups in the Outbreak of Conflict: Developing Early Warning and Preventive Measures. Report submitted to the United States Institute for Peace in fulfillment of grant SG-94-113. July 1996.

With Sarah E. Meek. The New Field of Micro-Disarmament: Addressing the Proliferation and Buildup of Small Arms and Light Weapons. Brief 7. (Bonn: Bonn International Center for Conversion, September 1996).

"The Role of Arms Control in Coping With Conflict after the Cold War." in Roger Kanet and Edward Kolodziej (Eds.), Coping With Conflict after the Cold War. (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 331-362.

"Addressing the Negative Consequences of Light Weapons Trafficking: Opportunities for Transparency and Restraint." in Jeffrey Boutwell, Michael Klare and Laura Reed, Editors, Lethal Commerce: The Global Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. (Cambridge: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1995), pp. 140-57.

"The UN Register of Conventional Arms: Rationales and Prospects for Compliance and Effectiveness," The Washington Quarterly , (Spring 1993).

"Reducing the Negative Consequences of Arms Transfers Through Unilateral Arms Control." in Bennett Ramberg (Ed.) Arms Control without Negotiation: From the Cold War to the New World Order. (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1993), pp. 175-198

With Siemon Wezeman and Herbert Wulf. Arms Watch: SIPRI Report on the First Year of the UN Register of Conventional Arms. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, November 1993).

The International Arms Trade. (New York: Lexington Books, 1992).

"The Political Implications of Illegal Arms Exports From the United States." Political Science Quarterly, 107, 3 (Fall 1992), 501-533.

"Events Data and Policy Analysis: Improving the Potential for Applying Academic Research to Foreign and Defense Policy Problems." Policy Sciences , 23,1(1990).

"The New Gunrunning." Orbis (Spring 1989), 225-237.

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
Dynamic Features
Course Catalog

Holly Mikkelson

First Name
Holly
Last Name
Mikkelson
Holly Mikkelson
Job Title
Associate Professor
Location
McCone Building 221
Phone
831.647.6432
Language(s)
Español

I am a state and federally certified court interpreter, and I am certified by the American Translators Association. I have served as a consultant to court interpreter regulatory and training entities such as the California Judicial Council and the National Center for State Courts, and I have published extensively on court and community interpreting, including a very popular series of interpreter training manuals (published by Acebo).

Expertise

Translation and interpretation of Spanish and English, court, community and medical interpreting

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Extra Information

Education

MA, Intercultural Communication and Certificate in Translation and Interpretation, Monterey Institute of International Studies; BA, Sociology, Mills College

Recent Accomplishments

I have completed a number of collaborative book projects in the last few years: I co-authored the 2nd edition of Fundamentals of Court Interpretation: Theory, Policy and Practice, published in 2012, and Introduction to Healthcare for Spanish-speaking Interpreters and Translators, published in 2015. In addition, Professor Barry Slaughter Olsen and I translated Jesús Baigorri’s From Paris to Nuremberg: The birth of conference interpreting (2014), and I co-edited The Routledge Handbook of Interpreting with Professor Renee Jourdenais (2015). I am currently working on the second edition of Introduction to Court Interpreting, scheduled to be published in 2016.

Publications

Gonzalez, Roseann D., Vasquez, Victoria F., and Mikkelson, Holly.Fundamentals of Court Interpretation: Theory, Policy and Practice. 2nd ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2012.

Crezee, Ineke, Mikkelson, Holly and Monzon-Storey, Laura. Introduction to Healthcare for Spanish-speaking Interpreters and Translators. Amsterdam, New York: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015.

Mikkelson, Holly and Jourdenais, Renee (Eds.). The Routledge Handbook of Interpreting. Routledge, 2015.

Mikkelson, Holly. Introduction to Court Interpreting. In Translation Practices Explained. Vol. 1. Manchester: St. Jerome Publishing, 2000.

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
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Course Catalog

Chuanyun Bao

First Name
Chuanyun
Last Name
Bao
Chuanyun Bao
Job Title
Professor
Location
Casa Fuente Building 300B
Phone
831.647.4172
Language(s)
中文

It has been a long time since the summer of 1990 when I left my job at the United Nations Office in Geneva where I served as a staff interpreter to join the faculty at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies.  Over these years, I have taught sight translation, consecutive and simultaneous interpretation, and briefly, translation. I have continued to work as a freelance interpreter for corporations, institutions, the United Nations and other international organizations.

MIIS Tags
Language Tags
Faculty Program Tags
Expertise

Simultaneous and consecutive interpretation and translation of Chinese and English

Extra Information

Education

Diploma in Translation and Conference Interpretation, United Nations Translators and Interpreters Program (now the Graduate School of Translation and Interpretation), Beijing Foreign Studies University; visiting student in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, Nanjing University, China; diploma in English language and literature, Xuzhou Normal University, China

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
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Barry Slaughter Olsen

First Name
Barry
Last Name
Olsen
Barry Olsen Photo
Job Title
Associate Professor
Location
IIRC Building 5
Phone
831.647.4628
Language(s)
Español
Русский
português

Professor Olsen has been working as a conference interpreter and translator since 1993. Before joining our faculty, he was a translator in residence at American University in Washington, D.C. He has taught various courses on simultaneous and consecutive interpreting in the United States, Latin America and Europe. Over the years he has interpreted for the U.S. State Department, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Organization of American States, National Geographic Society, C-SPAN Television, and many other public and private sector clients.

Expertise

Simultaneous and consecutive interpretation, interpreter training and education, multilingual negotiations, political and diplomatic discourse, and interpreting and technology.

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Recent Accomplishments

In 2014, Professor Olsen, together with fellow MIIS Professor Holly Mikkelson, published the English translation of From Paris to Nuremberg: The birth of conference interpreting (John Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2014). Originally written in Spanish by Jesús Baigorri-Jalón, the book is a seminal work on the genesis of conference interpreting and chronicles its development from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to the end of the Nuremberg Trials after World War II.

Outside of class, he continues to work as a conference interpreter. His most recent assignments include the 2014 Ibero-American Presidential Summit in Veracruz, and the G20 Summit in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, and the annual International Drug Enforcement Conference (IDEC).

Professor Olsen’s research over the last five years helped to create a patented cloud-based multi-channel audio conferencing system that makes remote simultaneous interpreting for teleconferences possible. The system is now used by organizations around the world to conduct virtual meetings in multiple languages with the help of remote simultaneous interpretation. He continues to research the use of technology to provide interpreting services in new ways.

In 2011, Professor Olsen was instrumental in the negotiation of a memorandum of understanding signed with the Organization of American States for the creation of a postgraduate conference interpreter and translator training experience for qualified Monterey Institute graduates.

Publications

Interpreting in the 21st Century: Bigger, More Diverse, Different, Olsen, Barry Slaughter, GALAxy Q3 Newsletter, September 2014.

Sound Brazilian! App. Intended for speakers of Spanish who would like to learn or are already learning Portuguese, it offers more than 50 tips on the words and phrases that speakers of Spanish who are learning Brazilian Portuguese find the trickiest to use correctly. B. Olsen, E. Brown and G. Silva, April 2014.

One Interpreting Practice Book to Train Them All, Olsen, Barry Slaughter, The ATA Chronicle, September 2013.

Interpreting and the Digital Revolution. Olsen, Barry Slaughter, The ATA Chronicle, January 2012.

Interpreting: Full Speed Ahead, Blazing a Trail Toward National Unity. Bancroft, Marjory, with Olsen, Barry S. and Allen, Katharine, 2011.

Brief of Amici Curiae: Interpreting and Translation Professors in Support of Petitioner, Brief submitted to the Supreme Court of the United States in the case Kouichi Taniguchi v. Kan Pacific Saipan, Ltd., 2011. 

Translations 

From Paris to Nuremberg: The birth of conference interpreting, (Translated from the original Spanish by Holly Mikkelson and Barry Slaughter Olsen). Jesús Baigorri-Jalón, John Benjamins, June 2014

How Do You Do That? (Translated from the original Portuguese by Barry Slaughter Olsen). Magalhaes, Ewandro, The ATA Chronicle, April 2010.

Education

MA, Conference Interpretation (English, Spanish, Russian), Monterey Institute of International Studies, BA, Spanish Translation, Brigham Young University

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
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Anna Vassilieva

First Name
Anna
Last Name
Vassilieva
Anna Vassilieva, Professor, Image
Job Title
Professor
Location
McGowan Building 200A
Phone
831.647.3546
Language(s)
Русский

Professor Vassilieva is a teacher, author, translator and editor. She authored the following:

MIIS Tags
Language Tags
Faculty Program Tags
Expertise

Contemporary Russian politics, Russian politics in Central Asia, Russian culture and society, Siberia, Russians in Japan.

Dr. Vassilieva interviewed on PBS's NewHour

Extra Information

Education

Ph.D., History, Russian Diplomatic Academy; BA, MA, Irkutsk State Linguistic University

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
Dynamic Features
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Kathleen M. Bailey

First Name
Kathleen
Last Name
Bailey
Kathleen Bailey, Professor of International Education Management, IEM, Image
Job Title
Professor
Location
McCone Building 208
Phone
831.647.4181

Professor Bailey is currently serving as President and Chair of The International Research Foundation for English Language Education (TIRF). With her work for TIRF, Professor Bailey and the TIRF Board of Trustees are seeking to promote effective practices in the use of English in the emerging global knowledge economy of the 21st century.She has conducted teacher training activities, including leading workshops and teaching courses, in thirty different countries.

MIIS Tags
Faculty Program Tags
Expertise

Applied linguistics research, assessment, teacher education, language program administration, language teacher supervision

Extra Information

Education

PhD, Applied Linguistics; MA, TESOL, University of California, Los Angeles

Faculty Type
Regular Faculty
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