Julia Townsend is the principal of Enviro-Strategy, an environmental policy consulting firm that specializes in facilitating behavior change to build more sustainable communities. Project topics to date include water use, marine debris and climate action with clients such as Stanford University, the Soquel Creek Water District, and the Institute at the Golden Gate in San Francisco.
Behavior Change, Community Mobilization, Environmental Education
From saving the whales of the Antarctic to studying the salmon of Alaska, Casson Trenor has worked to support stewardship of our marine resources across the globe. Trenor has stalked the fetid warehouses of Tsukiji fish market in Tokyo, spent months journeying by ship through the icy waters of Antarctica, berthed on leaking wrecks off the African coast, and gone octopus fishing with holy men on the Island of Yap.
Corporate Campaign Management, Sustainable Seafood, and Marine Resource Conservation
Nik is the Executive Director of Save The Waves Coalition, where he oversees operations and World Surfing Reserves, Surfonomics and Endangered Waves programs.
Ecosystems Management, Environmental Non-Profit Management, and Environmental Education
Mark Schapiro has been a journalist for more than twenty years in this country and abroad. He has long been exploring the intersection between the environment, economics and political power, most recently as a correspondent at the Center for Investigative Reporting, where he worked as senior correspondent from 2003 to 2012. His work has been published in Harpers, The Atlantic, Yale 360 and other publications, and he worked as a correspondent for the PBS newsmagazine FRONLTINE/World.
Non-Fiction Writing, International and Environmental Issues, Climate Change and Economics
I am passionate about: the ingenuity and creativity of humans to harness natural systems to produce food, fiber and fuels
What excites me about being a professor at MIIS: I was drawn to MIIS as a student for its international and interdisciplinary approach to building the human capital needed to make the world a better place. The opportunity to stay connected to highly motivated and passionate students and faculty, and contribute to real solutions, has kept me coming back as a professor.
Sustainable and organic agriculture, small farm incubators and marine conservation
Additional Areas of Focus
Sustainable fisheries, economic development, microlending and nonprofit management
B.A. International Relations, Business and Spanish, University of San Diego
M.A. International Environmental Policy, Monterey Institute of International Studies
Selected Publications / Research
"In the Fields of Salinas: Cultivating Intercultural Leadership," Whole Thinking Journal, No. 6, Winter 2010-11.
Grassroots Guide to the Farm Bill, Editor, Spanish, National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, 2011.
Farmer Education Program Curriculum Resource Guide, ALBA, 2011.
Farm Incubator Toolkit, ALBA, 2011.
Farming for the Future – Contributor, Editor and Translator for ALBA’s quarterly print newsletter.
Organic Agriculture Education, Crop Management, September 2006.
Local Agenda 21 in Latin America: An Analytical Look at 10 Cases, ICLEI, 2000. (collaborator)
Tribal Wetland Program Highlights, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2000.
I am passionate about:
I am passionate about applying law, science, technology and economics to find a new balance in how we manage the global ocean commons.
What excites me about being a professor at MIIS:
International marine environmental law and policy, law of the sea and high seas governance
Additional Areas of Focus
Marine science and policy, ecosystem-based management; marine protected areas; sustainable fisheries management; shipping; ocean geo-engineering; environmental impact assessments; marine migratory species conservation.
- Helped to trigger the transformation of high seas Marine Protected Areas from a controversial concept to a practical tool. Since establishing a network of policy, scientific, management and legal experts through the IUCN (www.iucn.org/marine) and its World Commission on Protected Areas (http://www.iucn.org/about/union/commissions/wcpa22/) in 2003, eight high seas MPAs have been established: seven in the North-East Atlantic, one in the Southern Ocean, and more are under development.
- In 2008, co-founded the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (http://www.gobi.org/) together with the Government of Germany and scientists from the Census of Marine Life, Duke University Marine Geospatial Ecology Lab, UNEP-WCMC, the Marine Conservation Institute and others to advance the scientific basis for conserving biological diversity in the deep seas and open oceans. GOBI partners are now providing technical assistance to governments and the Secretariat Convention on Biological Diversity (with 193 countries as members) through a series of CBD-facilitated regional workshops.
- In 2010 co-founded the Sargasso Sea Alliance, a partnership led by the Government of Bermuda to protect the Sargasso Sea, a vast gyre in the Atlantic Ocean (http://www.sargassoalliance.org/). The Sargasso Sea Alliance works in collaboration with scientists, international marine conservation groups and private donors, who all share a vision of protecting the unique and vulnerable ocean ecosystem of the Sargasso Sea. It aims to mobilize support from a wide variety of national and international organizations and governments to ensure legal protection for this critical ecosystem and to provide insights for the establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) on the high seas.
- In early 2011, co-founded the High Seas Alliance (http://highseasalliance.org/) a cooperative initiative of scientists and conservation organizations concerned with improving the management and conservation of high seas and seabed biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction. The High Seas Alliance played a major role in bringing high-level attention at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) to the importance of a new international agreement to safeguard the high seas.
- In 2012, helped to secure the international recognition of marine “ecologically or biologically significant areas” by the Convention on Biological Diversity and the official transmission of these special areas to the United Nations and its Working Group on Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction as a demonstration of the compelling need for improving how we manage and protect the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction.
Gjerde, K.M. “The Environmental Provisions of the UN Law of the Sea Convention for the high seas and seabed Area beyond national jurisdiction” (2012) the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, special theme issue for the 30th anniversary of the Law of the Sea Convention.
Hastings J., et al. (2012). “Safeguarding the blue planet: Six strategies for accelerating ocean protection” 18 Parks Magazine 1-13 https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/parks_hastings.pdf
Gjerde K. M. and Rulska-Domino A., (2012). “Marine Protected Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: Some Practical Perspectives for Moving Ahead”, 27 International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 351-273. http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/docserver/15718085/27/2/15718085...
Gjerde, K.M., (2011). High Seas Fisheries Governance: Prospects and Challenges, in THE WORLD OCEAN IN GLOBALISATION: CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES, (Vidas, D. and Schei, P.J. eds.) Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, pp. 221-232
Kristina M Gjerde is presently Senior High Seas Advisor to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Global Marine and Polar Programme (www.IUCN.org/marine/). At IUCN she fosters international efforts to improve the conservation and management of the high seas and deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction. She serves as an advisor to governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations and publishes widely on fisheries, shipping, law of the sea and marine conservation.
Kristina initially specialized in admiralty law at the New York City law firm of Lord, Day & Lord. She later served as a research fellow at the Marine Policy Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and research fellow/guest lecturer at the University of Hull Law School (UK), and represented WWF at the International Maritime Organization in London. In 2003, she was awarded a three-year Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation (www.pewenvironment.org/research-programs/marine-fellows/) to support her work on high seas governance.
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW, Juris Doctor, 1984
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES, Bachelor of Arts in History (summa cum laude), 1981
I am passionate about forging a more sustainable future that includes the protection of diverse maritime cultures and the ecosystems that we are irrevocably connected to and dependent on.
What excites me about being a professor at MIIS is teaching graduate level students who have diverse interests and backgrounds, and who are committed to addressing the major challenges that human society faces today. I look forward to the opportunity to learn from students, and to collaborate with faculty at MIIS.
Marine Policy, Climate Change, and Water/Watershed Planning
Research and Publications
Mike is interested in the interface between science and policymaking. He has fifteen years of professional and academic experience in the area of large-scale environmental policymaking and planning in diverse cultural and socio-economic settings.
He has published over 100 journal articles, essays, books, government reports and technical documents on the subject of large-scale ecosystem-based planning and biodiversity conservation, with a focus on oceans, rivers, creeks, and islands. His edited compendium Bioregionalism (Routledge, 1999) is the primary text in the field. He has also contributed to federal and state policymaking and planning activities for marine sanctuary management plans and watershed-based plans across coastal California.
From 1993-2000 his research, funded by three awards from the USA National Science Foundation, focused on the role of worldviews, values, beliefs and science in the development of ecosystem-based planning. From 1999-2008 he was an advisor to federal agencies in the development of marine ecosystem-based planning in California. During this time, he assisted the National Marine Sanctuary (NMS) Program in all of the planning aspects associated with the designation of marine reserves within the Channel Islands NMS. In 2008 he was a Fulbright Scholar in south-eastern Europe, and conducted a comparative study of marine governance supported by the European Union. In April 2012, he completed a two-year study on New Zealand's marine governance framework funded by the ministries of that country. McGinnis is currently completing two books on the subject of the role of ecology and politics in large-scale ecosystem-based planning and decision-making.
- Mike was one of the first Fulbright Scholars to the Republic of Montenegro in southeastern Europe in 2008.
- As a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Wellington New Zealand he has completed a comprehensive study of New Zealand’s marine governance framework in 2011; a study supported by the ministries of the country that offers a range of recommendations to improve New Zealand’s marine governance system. This study will be revised as a major book on the subject of New Zealand’s environmental governance system.
Mike was Director of the Ocean and Coastal Policy Center at the University of California Santa Barbara from 1995-2010. In 2008, he was a Fulbright Scholar to the Republic of Montenegro. From 2010-2012 he was a Senior Fellow and Professor at the School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand). He has published over 100 journal articles, essays, books, government reports and technical documents on the subject of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem-based planning.
Mike has surfed since he was seven years old, and is enjoys hiking, sailing, and other ocean-going and backcountry wilderness activities. He also in a painter and has been writing a series of vignettes and poems on the landscapes and seascapes of coastal California.
Dr Michael Vincent McGinnis received a PhD in Political Science in 1993 from UC Santa Barbara. His undergraduate degree was from UC Los Angeles.
Book, Marine Governance: The New Zealand Dimension. Victoria University Wellington Press. 2012 (December). (150 pages).
The Race for Marine Space: Science, Values and Aquaculture Planning in New Zealand,
Coastal Management 41, 5 (2013): 401-419.
Adapting to Climate Impacts in California: The Importance of Civic Science in Local Coastal Planning, Coastal Management 39: 3 (April 2011): 225-241 (with C.E. McGinnis).
Living up to the Brand: Greening New Zealand’s Ocean Policy, Policy Quarterly 8, 1 (February 2012): 17-28.
A Bioregional Primer for Santa Barbara County, Funded by the Santa Barbara Foundation, December, 2012. (72 pages).
Mindfulness of the Oceanic Commons, Pacific Ecologist 20 (Winter 2011): 55-60.
Land Use, Agriculture, and the Environment, The 2010 Central Coast Survey, UC Santa Barbara, Published by Social Science Survey Center/Benton Survey Research Lab. 2010 (with Cleveland, David, Paolo Gardinali, Garrett Glasgow, John Mohr,
Eric Smith, Megan Carney, and Lauren Copeland).
Protecting Climate Refugia Areas: The case of the Gaviota coast in southern California, Endangered Species Update 25, 4 (June 2008): 103-109.
Negotiating Ecology: Marine Bioregions and the destruction of the Southern California Bight, Futures 38;3 (May 2006): 382-405.
The California Watershed Movement: Science and the Politics of Place. Natural Resources Journal 42, 1 (Winter 2002): 133-183 (with Woolley).
Bioregional Conflict Resolution: Rebuilding Community in Watershed-based Planning and Organizing, Environmental Management 24, 1 (1999): 1-12 (with Woolley and J.K. Gamman).
I am passionate about: Living sustainably, not just preaching/teaching it.
What excites me about being a professor at MIIS: Seeing the amazing things our students are doing around the world. It is truly inspiring. I am always happy to talk with prospective, current, and former students by phone, skype, or in person. Please email me to set up an appointment.
Environmental & Natural Resource Economics, Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, Behavioral Economics, International Economics & Development
Professor Scorse's major accomplishment over the past year was to help launch the Center for the Blue Economy's (CBE) new research initiatives in coastal climate change adaption, and to hire the Center's first Research Director, Charles Colgan. The CBE also just launched the new Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics (JOCE), which is set to be the leader in this growing field.
Dr. Scorse is currently spending almost all of his time building the new Center, and increasing its partnerships across the world. The CBE recently entered into a cooperative agreement with The Nature Conservancy to pursue joint research projects over the next few years, and our partnerships with the Chinese National Marine Data Center and the Korean Maritime Institute continue to grow. The CBE is on strong financial footing and poised to grow in the coming years.
Ph.D. UC-Berkeley, M.S. UC-Berkeley; M.S. UC-Santa Cruz; B.A. UC-Santa Cruz
In the News
Scorse, Jason. “Cheap Gas Hurts The Middle Class.” Fortune 6 December 2012.
Scorse, Jason (and Judy Kildow). “End Federal Flood Insurance.” The New York Times 28 November 2012.
Thomas, Gregory. "Surfonomics quantifies the worth of waves." The Washington Post 24 August 2012.
Scorse, Jason. "My Word: Must never take coast's economic value for granted." Oakland Tribune 10 July 2012.
Scorse, Jason. What Environmentalists Need to Know about Economics. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010.
Scorse, Jason (2010). Freeing the Market to Address Climate Change. The Solutions Journal,1(6):29-32.
Harrison, Ann, and Scorse, Jason. (2010). Multinationals and Anti-sweatshop Activism, American Economic Review, 100(1): 247–273.
Scorse, Jason. (2009) Non-Market Valuation of Ocean Resources in the National Ocean Economics Report (Judy Kildow ed.), National Ocean Economics Program, Moss Landing, CA.
Harrison, Ann & Scorse, Jason. (2009). Do Foreign Firms Pay More? Evidence from the Indonesian Manufacturing Sector in Labour Markets and Economic Development, (Ravi Kanbur and Jan Svejnar eds.), Routledge Press, New York.
Harrison, Ann & Jason Scorse. (2006). Improving the Conditions of Workers? Minimum Wage Legislation and Anti-Sweatshop Activism. California Management Review, 2 (48):144-160. (Also issued as a Harvard Business School case study) Harrison, Ann & Scorse, Jason. 2004.
Harrison, Ann & Jason Scorse. (2004). The Impact of Globalization on Compliance with Labor Standards: A Plant- Level Study in Brookings Trade Forum 2003 (Susan Collins and Dani Rodrik eds.), Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C.
Scorse, Jason. (2001). Reflections on the Free Trade Debate. Economia Rural, 1 (12):8-11.
Does Being a "Top 10" Worst Polluter Affect Facility Environmental Releases? Evidence from the U.S. Toxic Release Inventory (coauthored with Wolfram Schlenker), 2012.
Book review of Economic Thought and U.S. Climate Change Policy. Edited by David M. Driesen. Cambridge, MA. MIT Press, 2010.
Strong-Cvetich, Nikolas and Scorse, Jason. (2008). Ecotourism in Post-Conflict Peace-Building Ecoclub: International Ecotourism Magazine, 8 (96):10-17.
Do Foreign Firms Pay More? Evidence from the Indonesian Manufacturing Sector 1990-1999. International Labor Organization, Working Paper No. 98, 2005 (coauthored with Ann Harrison and submitted).
Is There Acquiescence in Yes-No Questions? (coauthored with Michael Hanemann & Jon Krosnick), 2005.
Harrison, Ann & Jason Scorse. 2004. Moving Up or Moving Out? Anti-Sweatshop Activists and Labor Market Outcomes, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. w10492.
I am passionate about: research and teaching that makes a difference and focuses on the "real world" rather than the "ivory tower."
What excites me about being a professor at MIIS: Our students and faculty are on fire! People here want to build a better world, and have the skills and knowledge to make it happen.
Biodiversity conservation, environmental conflict management, international environmental policy, protected natural areas, research methods, project design, program evaluation, social entrepreneurship, adaptive management, conservation leadership, sustainable development
PhD, Natural Resource Policy and Management, Cornell University; BA, History, Dana College; MS, Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology University of Maryland
Langholz, J. (forthcoming in 2014). Private Protected Areas: A Global Movement for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Langholz, J. and A. Abeles. 2014. Rethinking postgraduate education for marine conservation. Marine Policy 43(1):372–375.
Langholz, J., Sand, K., Raak, L., Berner, A., Anderson, H., Geels, B., McKeehan, A., and A. Nelsen. 2013. Strategies and tactics for managing environmental conflicts: Insights from Goldman Environmental Prize recipients. Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research, 5(1): 1-17.
Langholz, J. and M. Jay-Russell. 2013. The potential role of wildlife in pathogenic contamination of fresh produce. Human-Wildlife Interactions 7(1):140–157.
Gennet S., Howard J., Langholz J., Andrews K., Reynolds M., and S. Morrison. 2013. Farm practices for food safety: An emerging threat to floodplain and riparian ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology & Environment; doi:10.1890/120243.
Langholz, J. and F. DePaolis. 2013. Economic Contributions of Santa Cruz County Agriculture. Office of the Agricultural Commissioner, Santa Cruzy County, CA.
Langholz, J. and F. DePaolis. 2013. Economic Contributions of San Luis Obispo County Agriculture. Office of the Agricultural Commissioner, San Luis Obispo County, CA.
Langholz, J. and F. DePaolis. 2012. Economic Contributions of Monterey County Agriculture. Office of the Agricultural Commissioner, Monterey County, CA.
Langholz, J. 2010. Global Trends in Private Protected Areas and Their Implications for the Northern Great Plains. Great Plains Research 20(1): 9-16.
Lowell, K., Langholz, J. and D. Stuart. 2010. Safe and Sustainable: Co-Managing for Food Safety and Ecological Health in California’s Central Coast Region. Georgetown University and The Nature Conservancy. 131 pp.
Langholz, J. 2009. Saving Species, Privately. World Watch Magazine 22(5):7-11.
Langholz, J. and K. Turner. 2008. You Can Prevent Global Warming (and Save Money!): 51 Easy Ways (2nd Edition). Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing.
Sims-Castley, R., G. Kerley, B. Geach, and J. Langholz. 2006. Socio-economic significance of ecotourism-based private game reserves in South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province. PARKS 15:2, 6-15.
Langholz, J. and Krug, W. 2004. New Forms of Biodiversity Governance: Non-State Actors and the Private Protected Area Action Plan. Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy 7:9-29.
Langholz, J. 2004. Forest Recreation on Private Lands. In: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. New York: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Langholz, J. 2004. Lessons from Global Climate Change: A Proposed Kyoto Protocol for the World’s Oceans. Pages 43-58, In: S. Uno, T. Katsumura, and H. Imaoka (editors), Development of Marine Resources and Ocean Governance: The Environment of Coastal Regions along the Sea of Japan. Hamada, Japan: University of Shimane Press.
Langholz, J. and K. Turner. 2003. You Can Prevent Global Warming (and Save Money!): 51 Easy Ways. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing.
Langholz, J. 2003. Privatizing Conservation. Pages 117-135, In: S. Brechin, P. Wilshusen, P. West, and C. Fortwangler (editors), Contested Nature: Promoting International Biodiversity with Social Justice in the 21st Century. New York: State University of New York Press.
Langholz, J. 2002. Privately Owned Parks. Pages 172-188, In: J. Terborgh, C. van Schaik, L. Davenport, and M. Rao (editors), Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Forests. Covelo, CA: Island Press.
Langholz, J. 2002. External Partnering for the Triple Bottom Line: People, Profits, and the Protection of Biodiversity. Corporate Environmental Strategy 9(1):1-10.
Kramer, R., Langholz, J. and N. Salafsky. 2002. The Role of the Private Sector in Protected Area Establishment and Management: A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Effectiveness. Pages 335-351, In: J. Terborgh, C. van Schaik, L. Davenport, and M. Rao (editors), Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Forests. Covelo, CA: Island Press.
Langholz, J., and J. Lassoie. 2002. Combining Conservation and Development on Private Lands: Lessons from Costa Rica. Environment, Development, and Sustainability.
Langholz, J. and K. Brandon. 2001. Ecotourism and Privately Owned Protected Areas. Pages 303-314, In: D. Weaver (editor), The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism. Oxon, United Kingdom: CAB International.
Langholz, J., and J. Lassoie. 2001. Perils and Promise of Privately Owned Protected Areas. BioScience 51(12):1079-1085.
Langholz, J., J. Lassoie, and J. Schelhas. 2000. Incentives for Biodiversity Conservation: Lessons from Costa Rica’s Private Wildlife Refuge Program. Conservation Biology 14(6): 1735-1743.
Langholz, J., J. Lassoie, D. Lee, and D. Chapman. 2000. Economic Considerations of Privately Owned Parks. Ecological Economics 33(2):173-183.
Langholz, J. 1999. Exploring the Effects of Alternative Income Opportunities on Rainforest Use: Insights from Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve. Society and Natural Resources 12:139-149.
Uphoff, N., and J. Langholz. 1998. Incentives for Avoiding the Tragedy of the Commons. Environmental Conservation 25(3): 251-261.
Langholz, J. 1996. Economics, Objectives, and Success of Private Nature Reserves in Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Conservation Biology 10(1):271-280.
Langholz, J. 1996. Ecotourism Impact at Independently Owned Nature Reserves in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Miller, Joseph and E.Malek-Zadeh (editors), The Ecotourism Equation: Measuring the Impacts. New Haven, CT: Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies Bulletin Series, No.99