Research at MonTREP

The Monterey Terrorism Research and Education Program (MonTREP) prides itself on remaining at the forefront of the field of terrorism studies, anticipating and researching the newest security threats and trends.

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MonTREP Research and Publications

Since its inception, MonTREP has supported the work of a wide range of private and public institutions, ranging from government agencies to international organizations to academic foundations. Our objective is to undertake projects that adhere to the highest scholarly and academic standards but also have the potential to contribute to the formulation of more effective security and counterterrorism policies.

MonTREP research is produced by its staff of experienced professionals, leading scholars in the field, and graduate research assistants. MonTREP professors serve as project managers according to their expertise and the subject matter of the project. MonTREP capitalizes on student talent at MIIS by hiring graduate researchers who bring their experiences to the positions. The following are recent and upcoming publications of MonTREP professors and staff:

CTC Sentinel Article Marc Elliott and Jonathan Prohov

Digging in and Trafficking Out: How the Destruction of Cultural Heritage Funds Terrorism

By: Brig. Gen. Russell D. Howard, U.S. Army (retired), Jonathan Prohov and Marc Elliott

USNI Article Carly Laywell

What China’s Investment in Africa Means for U.S. Counterterrorism Efforts

By Carly Laywell, MonTREP Graduate Research Assistant, USNI News, March 2, 2014.


How ISIS Funds Terror Through Black Market Antiquities Trade

By: Brig. Gen. Russell D. Howard U.S. Army (retired), Jonathan Prohov and Marc Elliott, USNI News, October 27, 2014.

Nexus Book

The Nexus Between Traffickers and Terrorists: The New Clear and Present Danger?

By: Brig. Gen. Russell D. Howard U.S. Army (retired), McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.

In February 2013, MonTREP hosted a conference on the terrorism-trafficking nexus. McGraw-Hill Education published the above book in 2014, which incorporated many of the papers that were presented at the conference.


Antiquities Trafficking and Terrorism: Where Cultural Wealth, Political Violence, and Criminal Networks Intersect

By: Jennifer Tribble, 2014.

MonTREP would like to thank the Bradley Foundation for its continued support for the "Nexus Between Traffickers and Terrorists" project.


Jihadist Cells and "IED" Capabilities in Europe: Assessing the Present and Future Threat to the West

By: Jeffrey M. Bale
U.S. Army War College
Strategic Studies Institute, 2012

The research, analyses, and threat assessments generated by MonTREP combine in-depth historical, political, and sociological research, regional and language expertise, a wide variety of methodological approaches, and - when necessary - technical assessments and scientific analyses.

Definition of Terrorism

MonTREP uses a specific definition of terrorism, which MonTREP professor Dr. Jeffrey M. Bale created. See MonTREP's Definition of Terrorism for more information.

Islam, Islamism, and Politics in Eurasia Report Archive

Dr. Gordon Hahn of MonTREP published the Islam, Islamism, and Politics in Eurasia Report (IIPER), a bi-monthly compendium of news and analysis on politics involving Islam in the former Soviet Union. The main focus was on Russia's North Caucasus region. View archived IIPER Reports!