Center for the Blue Economy Professional education and research to promote ocean and coastal sustainability

Working papers by Center for the Blue Economy (CBE)
Faculty, Visiting Scholars and Students


Dr. Judith Kildow and Dr. Charles Colgan

Dr. Charles Colgan

Understanding the ocean economy within regional and national contexts

Dr. Charles Colgan and Dr. Judith Kildow delivered a presentation at CNREP 2013 explaining the intricacies of the ocean economy and exploring worldwide efforts to quantify it. Combining their decades of knowledge in the field, Drs. Colgan and Kildow established the current state of ocean accounts and identified improvements we'll need to implement to progress.

Dr. Jason Scorse


The Impact of Surf Breaks on Home Prices in Santa Cruz, CA

Dr. Scorse collaborated with Frank Reynolds, Program Manager at Friends of the Sea Otter and Amanda Sackett, Ocean Policy Assistant at the Monterey Bay Aquarium to develop a study using the hedonic price method to estimate whether proximity to surf breaks leads to higher home values in Santa Cruz, California. They find that after controlling for proximity to the beach, ocean views, the specific characteristics of the homes, and neighborhood effects, proximity to surf breaks is a statistically significant contributor to overall home value. The working paper has now been published by Tourism Economics.

Dr. Mike McGinnis


Ocean Governance: The New Zealand Dimension

While working with the Emerging Issues Programme, Mike McGinnis wrote this report to provide interested members of the public and policymakers with a general overview and a description of the types of principles, planning tools, and policy instruments that can be used to strengthen and improve marine governance in New Zealand. © Victoria University of Wellington 2012.

Dr. Judith Kildow and Jing Guo, Visiting Scholar

Judy Kildow

Jing Guo

The Gap between Science and Policy: Assessing the Use of Non-market Valuation in Estuarine Management Based on a Case Study of US Federally Managed Estuaries

Why is there an extensive body of literature on non-market valuation and so few reports of practical policy use? This paper addresses the question by showing the results of a survey of managers of the 55 US federally managed estuarine programs under the EPA and NOAA, carried out by the authors. This paper has now been published by the journal of Ocean and Coastal Management.

Use of non-market valuation-survey results Use of non-market valuation-survey results

Use of Non-market Valuation Questionnaire Use of non-market valuation-questionnaire

Visiting Scholars

Kwang Seo Park


As a visiting scholar in 2013-2014, Mr. Kwang Seo Park, Research Associate for the Korean Maritime Institute, authored two working papers:

The Estimation of the Ocean Economy and Coastal Economy in South Korea

This paper aims to analyze the status of the ocean economy and coastal economy in the South Korean national economy.

A Study on Rebuilding the Classification System of the Ocean Economy

This study aims to provide concrete practical proposals for the definition, classification standard and scope of the ocean economy across the international community.

Hee Jung Choi


Also from the Korean Maritime Institute, 2013-2014 visiting scholar Ms. Hee Jung Choi authored a working paper, "Review Tools for Ecosystem-Based Marine Spatial Planning"

In this paper,  the concept of Ecosystem-Based Marine Spatial Planning (EB-MSP) is introduced and tools for effective implementation of EB-MSP in South Korea are examined.

Xiaoli Zhang


Ms. XiaoLi Zhang, visiting scholar in 2013-2014 joining us from Shanghai Ocean University, authored a working paper entitled, "Literature Review of Assessment of Economic Loss from Water Pollution"

With a view toward quantity and structure, this article analyzes comprehensively the literature from both China and abroad related to assessment methods of economic loss from water pollution.

Stephen Hynes

Dr. Stephen Hynes

Valuing improvements to coastal waters using choice experiments: an application to revisions of the EU Bathing Waters Directive

While at the CBE in 2012-13, Stephen Hynes completed this paper with his co-authors Dugald Tinch and Nick Hanley. The study uses the choice experiment method to estimate the economic benefits attached to mandated improvements in EU Bathing Waters, based on a sample of recreationalists on beaches in Ireland

Rui Zhao

Rui Zhao

The role of the ocean industry in the Chinese national economy: an input-output analysis

The Ocean Economy Accounting System (OEAS) was established in China in 2006. However,the economic indirect and induced impact of the ocean economy as part of the Chinese national economy has not been completely understood at the national or regional level. This paper represents the first effort to quantify the inter-industry linkage effects of China’s ocean industry. Rui Zhao completed this paper as a CBE scholar in 2012-13.

Jing Guo


Valuation of the ecosystem services provided by coastal ecosystems in Shandong, China: developing a non-market valuation system

Coastal regions are important supports for human support. From food provision, ecosystem regulation, wildlife habitat to various recreational and aesthetic activities, humans obtain direct and indirect well-being from the coastal ecosystems. The lack of complete understanding of total values obtained from coastal ecosystems, especially the underestimating of ecosystem benefits has led to management failures. Jing Guo completed this paper as a visiting scholar 2012-13.

Stephen Hynes and Rui Zhao

Dr. Stephen HynesRui Zhao

Blue Growth in the Middle Kingdom: an analysis of China's Ocean Economy

Following the reform of economic trade policy, especially in the period 2001-2010, China’s ocean economy has been growing rapidly, in line with national GDP. As the second largest economy in the world, China is paying more and more attention to the sustainable development of its ocean economy. Rui and Stephen collaborated on this paper which is available from the SEMRU working paper series at NUI Galway. They completed the paper as CBE visiting scholars in 2012-13.


Kelsey Schueler
CBE Fellow 2013

Kelsey Schueler

Economic Impact of the Commercial Fisheries on Local County Economies from Catch in California National Marine Sanctuaries 2010, 2011 and 2012

This report surveys the economic impact of the commercial fishing catch from all four National Marine Sanctuaries in California on local county economies in terms of harvest revenue received by fishermen and the associated economic impacts on full- and part-time jobs.

Nancy Olsen
CBE Fellow 2012

Nancy Olsen

A Survey of Seafood Traceability and Sustainability in the United States—Processes, Regulations, and Current Initiatives

A Sustainable Seafood Traceability System in Costa Rica Development and Implementation

The global seafood industry currently lacks a standardized, widespread method to easily trace the chain of custody of products that they purchase. With global overfishing leading to declining fish stocks around the world, it is vital for seafood providers to have the ability to identify and buy products from sustainable fisheries that are well managed, target abundant species, and fish in environmentally responsible ways. These papers analyze public and private initiatives that seek to provide product traceability.

Alyssum Pohl (left) and Lisa Johnston (right)
2011 CBE Fellows

Allysum PohlLisa Johnston

Lapis Sand Dollars: An Economic Analysis of Non-Market Impacts of Lapis Sand Mine in Southern Monterey Bay

The unique dunes and beaches of southern Monterey Bay, California are threatened by an intensified rate of coastal erosion caused by the Lapis Lustre sand mine in the city of Marina. This mine excavates high quality sand sold by the largest international cement and aggregate corporation, Cemex. Like many extractive industries, Lapis’ sand production results in negative externalities for the environment. This study quantifies some of these externalities by examining non-market costs including seawall construction and lost recreational value of beach due to Lapis.