Center for the Blue Economy Professional education and research to promote ocean and coastal sustainability

Working papers by Center for the Blue Economy (CBE)
Faculty, Visiting Scholars and Students


<p>Dr. Charles Colgan</p>

Dr. Judith Kildow and Dr. Charles Colgan




Understanding the ocean economy within regional and national contexts

Dr. Charles Colgan and Dr. Judith Kildow delivered a presentation at CNREP 2013 explaining the intricacies of the ocean economy and exploring worldwide efforts to quantify it. Combining their decades of knowledge in the field, Drs. Colgan and Kildow established the current state of ocean accounts and identified improvements we'll need to implement to progress.

Jason_ScorseDr. Jason Scorse

The Impact of Surf Breaks on Home Prices in Santa Cruz, CA
Dr. Scorse collaborated with Frank Reynolds, Program Manager at Friends of the Sea Otter and Amanda Sackett, Ocean Policy Assistant at the Monterey Bay Aquarium to develop a study using the hedonic price method to estimate whether proximity to surf breaks leads to higher home values in Santa Cruz, California. They find that after controlling for proximity to the beach, ocean views, the specific characteristics of the homes, and neighborhood effects, proximity to surf breaks is a statistically significant contributor to overall home value.  The working paper has now been published by Tourism Economics and can be found at


Dr. Mike McGinnis

Ocean Governance: The New Zealand Dimension

While working with the Emerging Issues Programme, Mike McGinnis wrote this report to provide interested members of the public and policymakers with a general overview and a description of the types of principles, planning tools, and policy instruments that can be used to strengthen and improve marine governance in New Zealand. © Victoria University of Wellington 2012.


Dr. Judith Kildow and Jing Guo, Visiting Scholar


The Gap between Science and Policy: Assessing the Use of Non-market Valuation in Estuarine Management Based on a Case Study of US Federally Managed Estuaries

Why is there an extensive body of literature on non-market valuation and so few reports of practical policy use?  This paper addresses the question by showing the results of a survey of managers of the 55 US federally managed estuarine programs under the EPA and NOAA, carried out by the authors.  This paper has now been published by the journal of Ocean and Coastal Management






Dr. Judith Kildow and Matthew Nichols, MIIS alumnus

The Political Economy of Oil Spill Damage Assessment:  The NRDA and Deepwater Horizen

The federal effort to quantify and capture non-market damages to coastal ecosystems from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Phase II of United States of America v. BP Exploration and Production, centers on the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. This paper makes the case that the current NRDA process has done a poor job protecting the public interest and resolving the issues surrounding oil spills from deep water drilling activities.



Visiting Scholars

<p>Dr. Stephen Hynes</p>

Stephen Hynes

Valuing improvements to coastal waters using choice experiments: an application to revisions of the EU Bathing Waters Directive

While at the CBE in 2012-13, Stephen Hynes completed this paper with his co-authors Dugald Tinch and Nick Hanley. The study uses the choice experiment method to estimate the economic benefits attached to mandated improvements in EU Bathing Waters, based on a sample of recreationalists on beaches in Ireland

<p>Rui Zhao</p>

Rui Zhao

The role of the ocean industry in the Chinese national economy: an input-output analysis

The Ocean Economy Accounting System (OEAS) was established in China in 2006. However,the economic indirect and induced impact of the ocean economy as part of the Chinese national economy has not been completely understood at the national or regional level. This paper represents the first effort to quantify the inter-industry linkage effects of China’s ocean industry.  Rui Zhao completed this paper as a CBE scholar in 2012-13.


Jing Guo

Valuation of the ecosystem services provided by coastal ecosystems in Shandong, China: developing a non-market valuation system

Coastal regions are important supports for human support.  From food provision, ecosystem regulation, wildlife habitat to various recreational and aesthetic activities, humans obtain direct and indirect well-being from the coastal ecosystems. The lack of complete understanding of total values obtained from coastal ecosystems, especially the underestimating of ecosystem benefits has led to management failures. Jing Guo completed this paper as a visiting scholar 2012-13.

<p>Dr. Stephen Hynes</p>
<p>Rui Zhao</p>

Stephen Hynes and Rui Zhao


Blue Growth in the Middle Kingdom: an analysis of China's Ocean Economy

Following the reform of economic trade policy, especially in the period 2001-2010, China’s ocean economy has been growing rapidly, in line with national GDP. As the second largest economy in the world, China is paying more and more attention to the sustainable development of its ocean economy.  Rui and Stephen collaborated on this paper which is available from the SEMRU working paper series at NUI Galway.  They completed the paper as CBE visiting scholars in 2012-13.


Kelsey Schueler

Kelsey Schueler,
CBE Fellow 2013

Economic Impact of the Commercial Fisheries on Local County Economies from Catch in California National Marine Sanctuaries 2010, 2011 and 2012

This report surveys the economic impact of the commercial fishing catch from all four National Marine Sanctuaries in California on local county economies in terms of harvest revenue received by fishermen and the associated economic impacts on full- and part-time jobs.

Click here to access the paper.  

<p>Nancy Olsen</p>

Nancy Olsen,
CBE Fellow 2012

A Survey of Seafood Traceability and Sustainability in the United States—Processes, Regulations, and Current Initiatives

A Sustainable Seafood Traceability System in Costa Rica Development and Implementation

The global seafood industry currently lacks a standardized, widespread method to easily trace the chain of custody of products that they purchase. With global overfishing leading to declining fish stocks around the world, it is vital for seafood providers to have the ability to identify and buy products from sustainable fisheries that are well managed, target abundant species, and fish in environmentally responsible ways.  These papers analyze public and private initiatives that seek to provide product traceability.



Alyssum Pohl (left) and Lisa Johnston (right), 2011 CBE Fellows                

Lapis Sand Dollars: An Economic Analysis of Non-Market Impacts of Lapis Sand Mine in Southern Monterey Bay.

The unique dunes and beaches of southern Monterey Bay, California are threatened by an intensified rate of coastal erosion caused by the Lapis Lustre sand mine in the city of Marina. This mine excavates high quality sand sold by the largest international cement and aggregate corporation, Cemex. Like many extractive industries, Lapis’ sand production results in negative externalities for the environment. This study quantifies some of these externalities by examining non-market costs including seawall construction and lost recreational value of beach due to Lapis.