Mainly English Language, Some Multilingual
General Food & Beverages
Searchable database of 45,000 recipes, plus a glossary and how-to section, all in English.
Twelve detailed food glossaries in English with almost 11,000 entries, including glossaries for food, wine, cheese, coffee, tea, beer, spirits and glossaries for Japanese, Spanish/Latin American, French and Italian food.
Multilingual food information site from Wageningen University in Holland.
Food terms dictionary with translations into French, German, Spanish, Dutch, Danish and Swedish.
Excellent food dictionary with terms in Italian, English, French, Spanish, and German.
Cheese from Spain
Index of every type of Spanish cow, goat and sheep cheese with descriptions, sometimes very detailed, in Spanish and English.
French Cheese Library
Complete encyclopedia of every type of French cow, goat and sheep cheese in French, English and Japanese.
Fantastic site all about baking full of descriptions and terminology that includes a glossary of baking terms (English only).
Conversion of Measures
From FoodLexicon.net, tools for converting temperatures, oven temperature terms (in six languages), weights, volumes and all metric measurements to and from non-metric.
The Cook’s Thesaurus
A cooking encyclopedia that covers thousands of ingredients and kitchen tools. Entries include pictures, descriptions, synonyms, pronunciations, and suggested substitutions.
International Recipes Food and Wine Dictionary
Since 1995, International Recipes has been the largest and longest-running recipe exchange group in the world. Includes an extensive food and wine dictionary.
Meat, Poultry & Fish
Catalog of Meat Cuts
Illustrated lists of meat cuts in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese from Interviandes Poitou-Charentes, a French professional meat association..
Fish Names in the European Community
Multilingual list of fish names from the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN). English and scientific names, followed by the chosen common names in as many other languages as possible, including Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese and Spanish.
International Meat Manual
A reference manual in English, Japanese, Korean, Chinese and Spanish describing commonly exported meat cuts and variety meats, portion control and specialty items for beef, pork, veal, and lamb with a glossary in all five languages. From the U.S. Meat Export Federation.
Gernot Katzers Spice Pages
Excellent! Index of spices in English, Russian, Arabic and Chinese, with many terms in Korean and Japanese and many other languages in romanized and non-romanized scripts, plus information on spice plants, their usage in ethnic cuisines, their history, chemical constituents, geographic regions and the etymology of their names. The database is slow, but that's because there's so much in it.