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Office Location
McGowan 200-D

Email Address
jeffrey.bale@miis.edu

Phone Number
831.647.6603

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Jeffrey M. Bale

Associate Professor, International Policy Studies


Dr. Jeffrey M. Bale is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of International Policy and Management at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS). He also regularly teaches specialized courses on an adjunct basis at the Naval Postgraduate School. He obtained his BA in Middle Eastern and Islamic history at the University of Michigan, his MA in social movements and political sociology at the University of California at Berkeley, and his PhD in contemporary European history at Berkeley. He previously taught at Berkeley, Columbia University, and the University of California at Irvine, and was the recipient of postdoctoral fellowships from the Society of Fellows in the Humanities at Columbia, the Office of Scholarly Programs at the Library of Congress, and the Center for German and European Studies at Berkeley.

Dr. Bale has been studying violence-prone political and religious extremists for nearly three decades – long before it suddenly became “fashionable” in the wake of the tragic 11 September 2001 attacks on the United States – and has published numerous scholarly articles on terrorism, CBRN use by terrorists and states, right-wing extremism, Islamism, and covert political operations. He has just finished co-editing (with Bassam Tibi) a special issue of the journal Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions on Islamism, is in the final process of updating a two-part manuscript on underground neo-fascist networks in Cold War Europe and the terrorist “strategy of tension” in Italy, and is preparing three new scholarly monographs: one on the diverse array of Islamist networks currently operating in western Europe (The “Enemy Within”), another on the burgeoning “conspiracy theory” literature related to 9/11 and other major recent terrorist attacks (Imagined Terrorist Plots), and still another on the growing links between dissident left- and right-wing radicals in the West and Islamist groups (Where the Extremes Touch). He reads numerous foreign languages, has carried out specialized archival research (in the United States as well as in several European countries), has personally interviewed extremists from several political and religious milieus, and has accumulated an extensive collection of primary source materials related to both extremist and terrorist groups and covert politics). His responsibilities at MonTREP include preparing research reports on various aspects of terrorist ideologies, motivations, and operational techniques.

Dr. Bale has recently published several book chapters and articles in Patterns of Prejudice, Terrorism and Political Violence, and Democracy and Security, as well as a number of in-depth research reports for components of the U.S. government. He is currently a special consultant to the Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (Taylor and Francis), and often serves as a consultant for government agencies and private organizations on matters related to terrorism and ideological extremism.

Expertise

Terrorism, Political and religious extremism, Insurgency and counterinsurgency, Unconventional warfare, Intelligence and covert operations, Conspiracy theories, Comparative revolutionary movements, Youth subcultures and counterculture, Terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, Organized crime, European history and politics, Middle Eastern history and politics, Islamic history, Military history, International politics

Education

PhD in Late Modern European History, University of California at Berkeley; MA in Political Sociology and Social Movements, University of California at Berkeley; BA in Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Central Asian History, University of Michigan

Publications

Bibliography

"Al-Qa‘ida/Qa‘idat al-Jihad,” entry in Encyclopedia of Global Religion, ed. by Mark Juergensmeyer and Wade Clark Roof (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2011), forthcoming.

“Terrorists as State ‘Surrogates’ or ‘Proxies’: Separating Fact from Fiction,” in Making Sense of Proxy Wars: The Politics of Armed Surrogacy, ed. by Michael A. Innes (Washington, DC: Potomac, 2010), forthcoming.

"Jihadist Ideology and Strategy and the Possible Employment of ‘WMD,’” in Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction, ed. by Gary Ackerman and Jeremy Tamsett (New York: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2009), pp. 3-59.

“Islamism and Totalitarianism,” in Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10:2 (June 2009), pp. 73-96.

Co-Editor (with Bassam Tibi) of special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10:2 (June 2009), which is devoted to Islamism.

(with Gary Ackerman), “Profiling the WMD Terrorism Threat,” in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices, ed. By Stephen M. Maurer and Christine Hartmann-Siantar (Cambridge, MA: M.I.T., 2008), pp. 11-45.

“Hiding in Plain Sight in ‘Londonistan,’” in Denial of Sanctuary: Understanding Terrorist Safe Havens, ed. by Michael A. Innes (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2007), pp. 139-51, 192-8.

“Political Paranoia versus Political Realism: On Distinguishing between Bogus ‘Conspiracy Theories’ and Genuine Conspiratorial Politics,” Patterns of Prejudice 41:1 (February 2007), pp. 45-60.

“Review Essay: Deciphering Islamism and Terrorism,” The Middle East Journal 60:4 (Autumn 2006), pp. 777-88.

(with Gary Ackerman and Kevin S. Moran), “Assessing the [Terrorist] Threat to Critical Infrastructure,” in Homeland Security: Protecting America’s Targets, ed. by James J. F. Forest (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006), volume 3, pp. 33-60.

“South Africa’s Project Coast: ‘Death Squads,’ Covert State-Sponsored Poisonings, and the Dangers of CBW Proliferation,” Democracy and Security 2:1 (January-June 2006), pp. 27-59.

Review of Daniel Byman, Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism, in The Middle East Journal 60:1 (Winter 2006), pp. 181-3.

Multiple entries (including “Ba`thism,” “ODESSA,” “Michael Kühnen,” and “Skinhead Fascism”) in World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by Cyprian Blamires (Santa Monica: ABC-Clio, 2006).

Review of Michael Barkun, A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America, in Patterns of Prejudice 39:3 (September 2005), pp. 85-7.

Review of Janja Lalich, Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults, in the European Consortium for Political Research’s e-Extreme Newsletter 6:3 (Fall 2005).

Multiple entries (including “Islamism,” “Christian Identity,” and “Abu Sayyaf Group”) in Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, ed. by Richard F. Pilch and Raymond A. Zilinskas (New York: Wiley & Sons, 2005).

“CBW: South Africa” entry in Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Encyclopedia of Worldwide Policy, Technology, and History, ed. by Jeffrey A. Larsen, James J. Wirtz, and Eric Croddy (Santa Monica: ABC-Clio, 2005).

“[The Ideology of] Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines,” in Voices of Terror: Manifestos, Writings and Manuals of Al Qaeda, Hamas, and other Terrorists from around the World and throughout the Ages,, ed. by Walter Laqueur (New York: Reed, 2004), pp. 513-18.

“The Islamization of the Chechen Resistance Movement and the Potential for Radiological Terrorism,” Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) Issue Brief, April 2004.

“Fascism and Neo-Fascism: Ideology and ‘Groupuscularity’,” and “Still More on Fascist and Neo-Fascist Ideology and ‘Groupuscularity’,” Erwägen Wissen Ethik 15:3 (October-November 2004), pp. 304-6, 380-3 (also re-published in an edited volume entitled Fascism Past and Present, West and East, ed. by Roger Griffin, Werner Loh, and Andreas Umland [Stuttgart: Ibidem, 2006], pp. 74-82, 290-7.)

(with Anjali Bhattacharjee, Eric Croddy, and Richard Pilch), “Ricin Reportedly Found in London: An al-Qā`ida Connection?,” Center for Nonproliferation Studies Report, 23 January 2003.

(with Gary A. Ackerman), “Al-Qā`ida and Weapons of Mass Destruction,” San Jose Mercury News, 22 December 2002.

"'National Revolutionary' Groupuscules and the Resurgence of 'Left-Wing' Fascism: The Case of France's Nouvelle Résistance," Patterns of Prejudice 36:3 (July 2002), pp. 24-49.

Multiple entries (including “De Lorenzo Coup,” “Paix et Liberté,” “ASPIDA Affair,” and “Blas Piñar”) in Europe since 1945: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Bernard A. Cook (New York: Garland, 2001).

Review of Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens: Fascism’s Resurgence from Hitler’s Spymasters to Today’s Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists, in Terrorism and Political Violence 10:1 (Spring 1998), pp. 174-7.

Review of Sandro Setta, La destra nell'Italia del dopoguerra, in Journal of Modern Italian Studies 3:2 (Summer 1998), pp. 205-8.

“The May 1973 Terrorist Attack at Milan Police Headquarters: Anarchist 'Propaganda of the Deed' or 'False Flag' Provocation?,” Terrorism and Political Violence 8:1 (Spring 1996), pp. 132-66.

Courses

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

IPOL 8632 - SemAdvTerrrism:Eco-Radicalism      

"This seminar is designed to provide an in-depth examination of certain key aspects of contemporary terrorism, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism and terrorism research methods, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with apocalyptic millenarian groups and their objectives. Given the fact that groups of this type have periodically carried out serious acts of violence, either against “evil” outsiders or their own members, it is necessary for students interested in terrorism to obtain some knowledge about their characteristics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers."

Spring 2011 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS

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NPTG 8584 / IPOL 8584 - Introduction to Terrorism      

This course is designed to provide a critical introduction to the subject of terrorism, an often misunderstood phenomenon that has assumed a particular salience in the wake of 9/11. Its aim is to clarify fundamental definitional and conceptual problems, introduce students to the burgeoning literature on the subject, describe basic terrorist organizational and operational methods, survey a wide range of terrorist groups and ideologies, examine certain high-profile terrorism themes, and tentatively assess the nature of the threat posed by terrorists to global security in the future.

Fall 2010 - MIIS, Fall 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2012 - MIIS, Spring 2013 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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NPTG 8603 - Sem:The American Radical Right      

This seminar is designed to provide an overview of several important right-wing ideological milieus, movements, and organizations operating in the United States, including violent paramilitary groups, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. In the first portion, the lectures and readings will focus on defining the right, identifying the characteristic features of the American extreme right, and describing different types of right-wing organizations that may pose domestic security threats. Since certain violent far right paramilitary organizations nowadays constitute the greatest terrorist threat to the U.S. homeland (apart from foreign jihadist groups), it is necessary for every student interested in contemporary extremism, subversion, and terrorism to become more knowledgeable about key domestic radical right groups, their agendas, and their tactics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion of the course, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research paper findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers.

Spring 2014 - MIIS

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NPTG 8627 / IPOL 8627 - Sem:Militant Islamic Movements      

This seminar is designed to provide a survey of various militant Islamic organizations – “gradualist” Islamist organizations that do not rely mainly on waging armed jihad, jihadist organizations that rely primarily on violence and terrorism, and other types of fundamentalist or Islamist organizations that do not fall clearly into either category – and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into two separate portions. In the first portion, the lectures and readings will focus on the basic tenets of Islam; an overview of Islamic history; the distinction between Islamic fundamentalism, political Islam, and Islamism; and important examples of the different types of Islamist organizations noted above in particular regions. Given the threat that such Islamist networks and their supporters currently pose to the security of the West, Russia, India, various states in Asia, and moderate Muslims everywhere, it is necessary for every student interested in contemporary subversion and terrorism to become much more knowledgeable about key Islamist and jihadist groups, their agendas, and their tactics. During the second portion of the course, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this second portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers.

Spring 2011 - MIIS, Spring 2012 - MIIS, Fall 2013 - MIIS

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NPTG 8633 - SemAdvTerrrism:Global Jihadism      

This seminar is designed to provide a more in-depth examination of transnational jihadist organizations and networks with a global agenda, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism, terrorism research methods, Islam, and Islamism, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with global jihadist networks and their objectives. Given the threat that such networks and their supporters currently pose to the security of the West, Russia, India, various states in Asia, and moderate Muslims everywhere, it is necessary for every student interested in terrorism to become much more knowledgeable about the jihadist agenda. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers. The course requirements are as follows: regular attendance and active participation in class discussions (30% of grade), an oral report to be delivered in class (30% of grade), and a 15-20 page research paper (40% of grade).

Spring 2013 - MIIS, Spring 2014 - MIIS

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NPTG 8634 - Sem:AdvTerrrism:Millenarianism      

This seminar is designed to provide an in-depth examination of certain key aspects of contemporary terrorism, and is specifically intended for graduate students who have already taken lecture-oriented undergraduate or graduate courses dealing with terrorism. The class will be divided into three separate portions. During the first portion, after a session devoted to the provision of basic information about terrorism and terrorism research methods, everyone in the class will read chapters from a series of important recent books that deal with apocalyptic millenarian groups and their objectives. Given the fact that groups of this type have periodically carried out serious acts of violence, either against “evil” outsiders or their own members, it is necessary for students interested in terrorism to obtain some knowledge about their characteristics. During the second portion of the course, students will spend their time working independently on the individual research topics they have selected, which can deal with any aspect of terrorism that interests them. During the third and final portion, each student will give an oral report in class to present and analyze his or her research findings, which will then be discussed by the entire class. Near the end of this last portion of the class, if not earlier, students must submit their completed research papers. The course requirements are as follows: regular attendance and active participation in class discussions (30% of grade), an oral report to be delivered in class (30% of grade), and a 15-20 page research paper (40% of grade).

Spring 2013 - MIIS

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