Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

Fredric Kropp

Professor Emeritus

Professor Fredric Kropp is an Emeritus Professor of Entrepreneurship, Creativity and Innovation. He has expertise in entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, marketing, and creativity and innovation. Professor Kropp as a lifelong learner and is motivated by a need for cognition. He is an active researcher in the area of social entrepreneurship and necessity-based entrepreneurship. He recently was a Fulbright Scholar studying social entrepreneurship in Ireland.

Professor Kropp is passionate about helping people. That can involve helping a small social venture start-up get off the ground or working with a social entrepreneur. He enjoys helping students figure out their career paths and passions in life.

Professor Kropp has lived in Monterey for almost 20 years. He is an avid music fan and plays the guitar. He also enjoys hiking, taking full advantage of beautiful trails in Monterey County. Finally, he loves to travel. He lived in five countries besides the United States and has traveled to 35 others countries.

Women in the Global Economy


Entrepreneurship, Social Entrepreneurship, Emerging Business Success Factors, Creativity and Innovation, Cross-cultural Consumer Behavior

Recent Accomplishments

Professor Kropp published two articles in prestigious entrepreneurship journals in 2016 concerning the motivations, passions and identities of social entrepreneurs. He has another article about the relationship of compassion and opportunity recognition of social entrepreneurs that has been accepted by the Journal of Business Venturing, the top journal in the field. According to Google Scholar, other researchers have cited his work approximately 2,000 times. He also holds a part-time research professor position at the University of Adelaide, in Australia, where he works with faculty and doctoral students.

Current research includes understanding the role of social entrepreneurs’ passion, identities and compassion in identifying opportunities for social ventures. Another major project involves studying the effectiveness of interventions to help people become entrepreneurs in developing countries.

Finally, on a more personal note, Professor Kropp has recently traveled to Australia and Ireland. He has also been highly involved in mentoring many students on campus and helping Silicon Valley start-ups succeed.

Previous Work

Professor Kropp has had a vibrant mix of both academic and industry experience prior to working at the Middlebury Institute. Academically, Professor Kropp has taught in many countries including positions in Australia, and has taught programs in South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, Austria and Canada. During that time, he has published more than 30 journal articles, eight book chapters, and presented in over 80 conferences around the world.

Professor Kropp also brings his extensive cross-functional industry knowledge to the Middlebury Institute. He consulted for Fortune 500 firms, including GE, Chase Manhattan Bank, and Hewlett-Packard, and government agencies, such as FAA and Department of Transportation. Professor Kropp also worked as the Executive Vice President of Texcom, a specialty product-placement firm, and was committee staff for the Washington State Senate. He continues to advise local businesses.


PhD in Marketing from the University of Oregon: Dissertation- Changing Values: Forecasting Long-Term Discontinuous Change and the Implications for Marketing

MBA University of Southern California

MA Economics from Northeastern University

BA Social Science from Pratt University

Selected Publications

View the Full List of Publications

Yitshaki, Ronit and Fredric Kropp (2016), “Entrepreneurial Passions and Identities in Different Contexts: A Comparison between High-Tech and Social Entrepreneurs.” Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 28(3-4), 206-233.

Yitshaki, Ronit and Fredric Kropp (2016), “Motivations and Opportunity Recognition of Social Entrepreneurs,” Journal of Small Business and Management, 54(2) 546-565.

Kardam, Nuket and Fredric Kropp (2013), "Global Trends: Women as Social Entrepreneurs: a Case Study." In Women in the Global Economy: Leading Social Change. Global Education Research Reports 8, edited by Trish Tierney. San Francisco, Institute of International Education

Kropp, Fredric and Ronit Yitshaki (2012), “Understanding Social Entrepreneurs’ Motivations,” Asian Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 6(2), 7-26.

Ronit Yitshaki and Fredric Kropp (2011), “Becoming a Social Entrepreneur: Understanding Motivations using Life Story Analysis,” International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 7 (3), 319-331.

Kropp, Fredric, Noel J. Lindsay and Gary Hancock (2011), “Cultural Context as a Moderator of Private Entrepreneurial Investment Behavior,” in Kevin Hindle and Kim Kluver (Eds.), Handbook of New Venture Creation Research, London, Edward Elgar, 253-279.

Kropp, Fredric, Roxanne Zolin and Noel J. Lindsay (2009), “Identifying and Implementing Adaptive Strategies in the U.S. Military,” in Tom Lumpkin and Jerome Katz (Eds.), Advances in Entrepreneurship Research, Volume 11, Bingley, UK, Emerald JAI, 161-192.

Course List

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

ECPR 8550 - Business Fundamentals      

Summer 2016 - MIIS

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MBAG 8664 - Social Entrepreneurship      

The goal of social entrepreneurship is to enhance the well-being of a disadvantaged target group within society or society as a whole using a hybrid entrepreneurship mode. Amongst other things, the hybrid model includes some of the aspects of commercial entrepreneurship such as an entrepreneurial orientation, opportunity recognition and creating a venture. This course focuses on what it means to be a social entrepreneur (SE). We examine how SEs create a social venture and accomplish their social missions while maintaining financial viability. In essence, we are trying to answer the question “what makes a social entrepreneur successful?” Though this question may seem straight forward, it is not as easy as it seems. As one example, how do we measure success in a way that reflects the complexities of multiple stakeholders and their needs? The course will emphasize immersive learning and will include projects and discussions with social entrepreneurs.

Fall 2016 - MIIS, MIIS Workshop

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MBAG 8686 - Market Research & Analytics      

Marketing research provides decision makers with information to make good marketing-related decisions. When correctly conducted, good marketing research can provide valuable insights into markets, customers, competitors, and the environment within which the firm must operate. Among other things, marketing research can help identify and evaluate marketing opportunities, both in the United States and in other countries, can provide input for strategic development, and help monitor performance. Information can also be used as market research, to assess demographic and economic potential.

This course teaches you how to evaluate research as well as how to do it. We will examine all the phases of the research process, emphasizing techniques to develop high-quality marketing research. Topics include survey design, questionnaire design, statistical analysis of results and reporting. We will place a strong emphasis on creating, administering, and analyzing surveys, and using the information to help professionals make decisions under uncertainty. The course will use industry standard software tools: SPSS (data analysis), Qualtrics (online surveys) and GIS (geographic information systems). Students will work with actual clients to develop and conduct marketing research projects.

Fall 2016 - MIIS, MIIS Workshop

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